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Although cell migration is crucial for neural development, molecular mechanisms guiding neuronal migration have remained unclear. Here we report that the secreted protein Slit repels neuronal precursors migrating from the anterior subventricular zone in the telencephalon to the olfactory bulb. Our results provide a direct demonstration of a molecular cue(More)
The gene apparently responsible for a heritable form of murine pituitary-dependent dwarfism (Ames dwarf, df) has been positionally cloned, identifying a novel, tissue-specific, paired-like homeodomain transcription factor, termed Prophet of Pit-1 (Prop-1). The df phenotype results from an apparent failure of initial determination of the Pit-1 lineage(More)
Cdc42 is a Ras-related GTP-binding protein that has been implicated in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and cell morphology. In this study, we have identified a protein with a molecular mass approximately 180 kDa from rabbit liver cytosol (designated p180), which binds preferentially to the GTP- and guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate-bound forms of(More)
The goal of this study was to interrogate the role of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC) in vivo. A total of 321 mice were used. Wild-type mice preconditioned 24 h earlier with six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusion/4-min reperfusion exhibited a significant (P < 0.05) increase in myocardial iNOS protein content,(More)
Fifty-eight acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients (11 newly diagnosed and 47 relapsed) were studied for arsenic trioxide (As2O3) treatment. Clinical complete remission (CR) was obtained in 8 of 11 (72.7%) newly diagnosed cases. However, As2O3 treatment resulted in hepatic toxicity in 7 cases including 2 deaths, in contrast to the mild liver(More)
  • W Wu
  • Experimental neurology
  • 1993
Recent studies have implicated nitric oxide (NO) in several mechanisms related to neuronal degeneration and synaptic plasticity. In the present study, two models of traumatic neuronal injury were used to examine the expression of NOS following neuronal injury and its relationship to axonal sprouting and neuronal degeneration. It was found that NOS is(More)
It is unknown whether ischemic preconditioning (PC; either early or late) occurs in the mouse. The goal of this study was to answer this question and to develop a reliable and physiologically relevant murine model of both early and late ischemic PC. A total of 201 mice were used. In nonpreconditioned open-chest animals subjected to 30 min of coronary(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic cytokine which signals through a specific cell surface receptor complex. Only one chain, that for ligand binding (IL-10Ralpha or IL-10R1), was identified previously. We report here that, although human IL-10 binds to the human IL-10R1 chain expressed in hamster cells, it does not induce signal transduction. However,(More)
The Ras-related GTP-binding protein Cdc42 is implicated in a variety of biological activities including the establishment of cell polarity in yeast, the regulation of cell morphology, motility and cell-cycle progression in mammalian cells and the induction of malignant transformation. We identified a Cdc42 mutant (Cdc42F28L) which binds GTP in the absence(More)
Combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) in man denotes impaired production of growth hormone (GH) and one or more of the other five anterior pituitary hormones. Mutations of the pituitary transcription factor gene POU1F1 (the human homologue of mouse Pit1) are responsible for deficiencies of GH, prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in Snell(More)