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The aim of this study is to examine the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion during the first hour of treadmill running on endurance capacity. Eleven male subjects ran at 70% VO2max to exhaustion on three occasions one week apart. On two occasions two CHO-electrolyte solutions (a 5.5% (E) and a 6.9% (L) were ingested for the first hour of exercise; water(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of drinking two carbohydrate (CHO) electrolyte solutions and water on marathon running performance. Seven endurance-trained runners completed three 42.2-km treadmill time-trials which were randomly assigned and 4 weeks apart. On each occasion the subjects ingested 3 ml · Kg−1 body weight of either water (W),(More)
Tracheal collapse after thyroidectomy is uncommon; when it occurs, complete airway obstruction is often sudden, unexpected and fatal. In this paper a patient treated for tracheal collapse by tracheostomy and followed up for 1 year is described and, from a review of the literature, a further 9 cases are presented. The aetiology of the condition, the patient(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution, ingested during exercise, with the effects of a preexercise carbohydrate meal on endurance running performance. Ten endurance-trained males completed two 30-km treadmill runs. In one trial subjects consumed a placebo solution 4 hr before exercise and a(More)
We retrospectively reviewed eight patients with biopsy-proven anorectal Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) treated between 1984 and 1989 at San Francisco General Hospital. All patients were homosexual men with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The average age was 34 years. Three patients had primary rectal KS without metastases. Five patients had(More)
The discriminatory power of rapid eye movement (REM) density in 61 outpatients with medical, neurologic, and psychiatric disorders and 8 noncase controls was assessed. REM density was significantly lower in a group of patients with medical-neurologic disease as compared with psychiatric and control subjects without evidence for such disease. Furthermore,(More)
Multicase families are frequently utilized in studies of movement disorders (MDs). We report families with two or more MD cases seen at the Movement Disorder Clinic, Saskatoon (MDCS). In 30% of the MD probands, there was either a history or documentation of at least one secondary MD case in the family. Only those MD cases that were seen at the MDCS were(More)