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Distribution of antimony and its inorganic species in soil samples along two traffic routes (A14, Rankweil and S36, Knittelfeld) in Austria was determined, since vehicle emissions are an important anthropogenic source of Sb in soil. The samples were taken along three parallel lines at about 0.2, 2 and 10 m distances from the edge of the road and in two(More)
Acknowledgements This document has been produced primarily by a joint Eurachem/CITAC Working Group with the composition shown (right). The editors are grateful to all these individuals and organisations and to others who have contributed comments, advice and assistance. Preface Measurement underpins a wide range of socioeconomic activities, both domestic(More)
Speciation analysis of Sb(III) and Sb(V) in a soil sample was performed through extraction and on-line isotope dilution concentration determination after a chromatographic separation. The total Sb concentration found in a through traffic contaminated soil sample was (4.17 microg g(-1), 0.3 microg g(-1) SD, n=6). It was determined using ICP-MS after soil(More)
With the help of an automated SEM/EDX analysis system non-metallic micro-inclusions in steel can be detected on a metallographically prepared surface area. The system makes it possible to determine position, size, shape and composition of each particle. Usually more than 1000 inclusions are found on one scan area. Therefore a new offline evaluation method(More)
After a short description of the background and fundamentals, a program system for a microcomputer is described that permits the implementation of a laboratory-specific database and information system. Due to standardized program and data structures and compatibility with different hardware, as well as portability, similar laboratories have the potential of(More)
A procedure for the determination of traces of rare earth elements by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) is presented. The samples are decomposed either by fusion with lithium tetraborate or by acid attack in a microwave oven. Separation of the rare earth elements from accompanying(More)
A prototype expert system for automated interpretation of wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectra is described. The system consists of two main components: a pre-processor (PREXRF) written in BASIC and a knowledge handling part (INFERXRF) that contains the knowledge base and the inference engine implemented in PROLOG. Both systems rely heavily on(More)