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In the present study, we examined the cytokine pattern expressed in situ during the development of eczematous reactions that had been provoked in atopic dermatitis patients by patch testing with house dust mite allergen. In 24-h house dust mite allergen patch test reactions, expression of interleukin (IL)-4 mRNA and IL-2 mRNA increased, but interferon(More)
The novel human CC-chemokine Eotaxin is a potent and selective chemotaxin for eosinophils. Here, the biological activities and the activation profile of Eotaxin were further characterized and compared with those of other eosinophil chemotaxins such as complement fragment C5a (C5a), platelet-activating factor (PAF), and RANTES in human eosinophils. Eotaxin(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) functions as a ligand for lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), and thereby plays a crucial role in mediating cell-cell interactions in inflammatory reactions. Human eosinophils represent important effector cells in allergic skin diseases. To gain more insight into the capacity of eosinophils to(More)
The present study assessed the capacity of eosinophils (EOS) to synthesize the cytokine IL-12. Blood-derived, highly purified human EOS from six atopic patients and two nonatopic individuals were treated in culture with IL-4, IL-5, granulocyte-macrophage CSF, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-1alpha, RANTES, and complement 5a, respectively. The expression of both(More)
Pseudo-allergic reactions (PAR) are caused by a variety of drugs, of particular interest by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. The clinical symptoms often resemble immediate type hypersensitivity reactions and consist of bronchospasm, urticaria, angioedema and even anaphylactic shock. Antigen specific immune(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized antigen-presenting cells characterized by their ability to migrate into target sites, process antigens, and activate naive T-cells. Biological activities of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and the cytokine macrophage inflammatory protein-3beta (MIP-3beta) as well as the mRNA expression of their receptors were(More)
BACKGROUND Besides glucocorticosteroids, there is currently no known effective therapy for patients with acute atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE The therapeutic effectiveness of high-dose UVA1 irradiation in the management of patients with acute exacerbation of atopic dermatitis was examined. METHODS Patients in the high-dose UVA1 group (n = 15) were(More)
Whereas C5a is a well-established potent activator of eosinophils, the functional role of C3a in the activation of eosinophils is, so far, poorly understood. Here, the activation of human eosinophils stimulated with C3a was analyzed and compared to C5a activation. Flow-cytometrical measurements revealed that stimulation of eosinophils by C3a resulted in a(More)
BACKGROUND The results of an open, single-center study suggested that phototherapy with high doses of UVA1 radiation (UVA1R; 340-400 nm) is effective for acute, severe exacerbations of atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of high-dose UVA1 phototherapy for acute, severe AD in a randomized multicenter(More)
In contrast to C5a, which represents a well-established potent activator of the respiratory burst in polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN), the functional role of C3a in the activation of PMN is, so far, poorly understood. Herein, the potential role of human C3a in the activation of the respiratory burst in human PMN was investigated. The(More)