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The relationship between human craniofacial morphology and the biomechanical efficiency of bite force generation in widely varying muscular and skeletal types is unknown. To address this problem, we selected 22 subjects with different facial morphologies and used magnetic resonance imaging, cephalometric radiography, and data from dental casts to(More)
Quantification of intragranular porosity in sand-size material from an aquifer on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, by scanning electron microscopy, mercury injection, and epifluorescence techniques shows that there are more reaction sites and that porosity is greater than indicated by standard short-term laboratory tests and measurement techniques. Results from(More)
The electromyographic activity of the deep and superficial portions of the anterior temporal muscle were recorded simultaneously during varied isometric clenching tasks designed to determine whether the two parts of the muscle were capable of differential contraction. The results indicated that for six of the seven subjects tested, significantly different(More)
The nature of activity in the two parts of the muscle is controversial. A reliable technique was developed for recording activity in its inferior part by means of an indwelling needle electrode. This part was most active during anteriorly- or contralaterally-directed intercuspal clenching, vertically-directed clenching with the jaw positioned to the(More)
The lack of specific data correlating activity in the human medial pterygoid muscle with displacement of the jaw during mastication, and the hint of possible differences in function between certain mammalian species, prompted a study of unilateral mastication in six adult subjects. Muscle activity in the medial pterygoid, masseter, and anterior temporal(More)
Maximum clenching on an equilibrated occlusal splint yielded an increase of 17% in overall muscle activity over that of maximum intercuspation contributed mainly by masseter muscles. Maximum clenching on an anterior occlusal splint yielded a decrease of 13% in overall muscle activity compared with that of an equilibrated occlusal splint. When maximum(More)
Human subjects commonly show large variations in bite force produced at the first molar teeth. To evaluate the role of muscle cross-sectional sizes and lever arms in bite-force production, we correlated these variables in 11 healthy adults. Axial and coronal images obtained by magnetic resonance were combined with conventional lateral cephalograms and(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the human orofacial complex. Two imaging methods, a fixed head coil and a surface coil, were used. Images from a database of 31 subjects revealed details of many structures including the masseter, temporal, medial and lateral pterygoid muscles, the teeth, articular condyles, and facial bones. A dentigerous cyst(More)
  • W W Wood
  • 1986
Specific activity of the human medial pterygoid muscle in relation to jaw movements and occlusion during mastication and clenching tasks is unclear. EMG activity of the medial pterygoid, masseter, anterior, and posterior temporal muscles was recorded simultaneously with three dimensional incisor point movement of the mandible. Data were sampled and analyzed(More)
The variant of the NVE ensemble known as the molecular dynamics ensemble was recently redefined by Ray and Zhang [Phys. Rev. E 59, 4781 (1999)] to include the specification of a time invariant G (a function of phase and, explicitly, the time) in addition to the total linear momentum M. We reformulate this ensemble slightly as the NVEMR ensemble, in which(More)