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The serine/threonine kinase Akt has been implicated in the control of cell survival and metabolism. Here we report the disruption of the most ubiquitously expressed member of the akt family of genes, akt1, in the mouse. Akt1(-/-) mice are viable but smaller when compared to wild-type littermates. In addition, the life span of Akt1(-/-) mice, upon exposure(More)
M6 is a neuronal membrane glycoprotein that may have an important role in neural development. This molecule was initially defined by a monoclonal antibody that affected the survival of cultured cerebellar neurons and the outgrowth of neurites. The nature of the antigen was discovered by expression cDNA cloning using this monoclonal antibody. Two distinct(More)
P84 is a neuronal membrane glycoprotein that promotes the attachment and neurite outgrowth of cultured murine cerebellar cells. The heterophilic adhesive properties of P84 and its localization at sites of synaptogenesis suggest that it may be involved in regulation of synapse formation or maintenance. P84 is expressed in subsets of neurons throughout the(More)
P84 and integrin associated protein (IAP) are heterophilic binding partners that are expressed in the central nervous system in addition to a variety of other tissues. Both molecules are known to be involved in cell signaling in nonneural tissues. In the retina, both molecules are expressed prominently in plexiform layers, suggesting a possible association(More)
Metallothionein (MT) is a low-molecular-weight cysteine-rich protein with extensive metal binding capacity and potential nonenzymatic antioxidant activity. Despite the sensitivity of vascular endothelium to either heavy metal toxicity or oxidative stress, little is known regarding the role of MT in endothelial cells. Accordingly, we determined the(More)
Cultured smooth muscle cells obtained from rat lung periphery (RPC) and proximal pulmonary artery (RSMC) expressed mRNA for serotonin (5-HT) type 2 receptor (5-HT2) and 5-HT transporter (by Northern blot analysis). Functional expression of these genes was evident since both cell types 1) bound 125I-labeled lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD; 5-HT2 receptor(More)
Serum biomarkers have not been fully incorporated into clinical use for the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The recent discovery of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which have been reported in a variety of cancer types, suggested a promising new class of biomarkers for tumour diagnosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether the levels of(More)
Hot and cold water-soluble muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) seed extracts and their polar and polyphenol fractions from two Muscadine cultivars ('Ison', purple and 'Carlos', bronze) were investigated for their inhibition of Enterobacter sakazakii. The heat treatment on each seed extract not only increased total phenolics and tannic acid but also enhanced(More)
The distribution of the cell surface molecules M6 and L1 was studied using the immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization in the developing and adult mouse retina and optic nerve. L1 is a cell adhesion molecule while M6 is a cell surface molecule homologous to the myelin protein proteolipid protein (PLP/DM20). Although both molecules were expressed in(More)