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The therapeutic effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) was evaluated among 15 APL patients at relapse after all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induced and chemotherapy maintained complete remission (CR). As2O3 was administered intravenously at the dose of 10 mg/d. Clinical CR was achieved in nine of 10 (90%)(More)
Indirubin is the active ingredient of Danggui Longhui Wan, a mixture of plants that is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat chronic diseases. Here we identify indirubin and its analogues as potent inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). The crystal structure of CDK2 in complex with indirubin derivatives shows that indirubin interacts with(More)
In the current study, the identification of the rat and human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms responsible for the glucuronidation of diclofenac was determined. Recombinant human UGT1A9 catalyzed the glucuronidation of diclofenac at a moderate rate of 166-pmol/min/mg protein, while UGT1A6 and 2B15 catalyzed the glucuronidation of diclofenac at low(More)
Recent clinical studies in China showed that As2O3 is an effective and relatively safe drug in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We found previously that As2O3 can trigger apoptosis of APL cell line NB4 cells, which is associated with downregulation of bcl-2 gene expression and modulation of PML-RAR alpha chimeric protein. To further(More)
It has been shown recently in China that arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is a very effective treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). APL patients resistant to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and conventional chemotherapy can still respond to AS2O3. In this study, we addressed the possible cellular and molecular mechanisms of this treatment by using NB4(More)
The most common drug-drug interactions may be understood in terms of alterations of metabolism, associated primarily with changes in the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Kinetic parameters such as Km, Vmax, Ki and Ka, which describe metabolism-based drug interactions, are usually determined by appropriate kinetic models and may be used to predict(More)
Recently, it was shown that diclofenac was metabolized in rats to reactive benzoquinone imines via cytochrome P450-catalyzed oxidation. These metabolites also were detected in human hepatocyte cultures in the form of glutathione (GSH) adducts. This report describes the results of further studies aimed at characterizing the human hepatic P450-mediated(More)
Mature zygotic embryos from three seed sources of loblolly pine were cultured on callus induction medium containing 10 mg l–1 α-naphthaleneacetic acid, 4 mg l–1 benzyladenine (BA), 400 mg l–1 casein hydrolysate, and 400 mg l–1 glutamine for 6 weeks. Light-yellow, loose, glossy, globular callus was formed, and the highest frequency was 35.7%. The highest(More)
A total of 1642 odontogenic tumour cases retrieved from the files of the College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, China were retrospectively analyzed for gender, age, tumour site and relative frequency of various types, and the data compared with that of previous reports. The final diagnosis in each case was based on the WHO 2005 histopathological(More)
BACKGROUND Epinephrine has been the mainstay for cardiac resuscitation for more than 30 years. Its vasopressor effect by which it increases coronary perfusion pressure is likely to favor initial resuscitation. Its beta-adrenergic action, however, may have detrimental effects on postresuscitation myocardial function when administered before resuscitation(More)