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Upon absorption of a photon, the 11-cis retinaldehyde chromophore of rhodopsin is isomerized and reduced to all-trans retinol (vitamin A) in the photoreceptor outer segments, whereupon it leaves the photoreceptors, and moves to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). To clarify the function of the RPE in the regeneration of 11-cis retinaldehyde, we delivered(More)
Goldfish were placed on a daily light cycle of 12 h light and 12 h darkness for 18 days or longer. The visual cells and pigment epithelium of the retina were then examined by microscopy at many intervals throughout the cycle. Goldfish rods and cones follow a rhythmic pattern in eliminating packets of photosensitive membranes from their outer segments. Rods(More)
Recent studies indicate that the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) may serve as an extrahepatic source of retinol-binding protein (RBP) and transthyretin (TTR) for the retina by virtue of the fact that this cell layer is the exclusive retinal location for mRNA coding for these proteins [Herbert, J., et al. (1991) Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32, 302-309;(More)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is able to perform a variety of functions because of its high degree of plasma membrane polarity. Some aspects of this polarity such as the localization of the majority of Na-K ATPase to the apical membrane distinguish the RPE from kidney cells and most other transporting epithelia. The polarized budding of enveloped(More)
We have attempted to isolate samples of apical and basal-lateral plasma membranes from cultured fetal human RPE. Cells from confluent, dome-forming cultures were disrupted with a Dounce apparatus. Nuclei and melanin granules were sedimented by centrifugation at 2600 g for 10 min. The supernates were layered over gradients of 17.5-65% sorbitol and(More)
Refsum's disease (heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis) is an autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa syndrome caused by the excessive deposition of phytanic acid in ocular tissues. It is thought that phytanic acid causes retinal degeneration either by interfering with vitamin A metabolism in the retinal pigment epithelium or by altering photoreceptor(More)
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