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Methods for trace analysis of atrazine and simazine in water have been developed by using stable-isotope dilution with detection by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. D(5)-Atrazine was used as the internal standard for the determination of atrazine and deethylatrazine, while (13)C(3)-simazine was used for simazine analysis. Water samples were fortified(More)
This paper is concerned with the synthesis of 1,8,9,16-tetrahydroxytetraphenylene (3a) via copper(II)-mediated oxidative coupling, its resolution to optical antipodes, and its conversion to 1,8,9,16-tetrakis(diphenylphosphino)tetraphenylene (3b). On the basis of these chiral "linear" building blocks, three rodlike chiral complexes, triblock (R,R,R,R)-17 and(More)
A reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for analyzing sinigrin and gluconasturtiin in six vegetable and two Chinese herb samples. A gradient program and mobile phases using methanol and 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid containing 20 mM ammonium acetate allowed sufficient retention and separation of the glucosinolates in the sample extracts. Quadrupole(More)
A method involving solid-phase extraction (SPE) and reversed-phase liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has been developed for determination, in groundwater, of nitrobenzoic acids associated with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene production. Pre-concentration on a co-polymer-based SPE cartridge enabled quantitative extraction of the analytes from water.(More)
A method for the trace analysis of antifouling agent Irgarol 1051 and its decyclopropylated degradation product in seawater was developed by using reversed-phase LC-MS with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry detection. Atrazine-d(5) was used as the internal standard for the LC-MS determination. Irgarol 1051 and the major degradation product were(More)
Fluctuation analysis, which is often used to demonstrate random mutagenesis in cell lines (and to estimate mutation rates), is based on the properties of a probability distribution known as the Luria-Delbrück distribution (and its generalizations). The two main new results reported in this paper are (i) a simple, completely general, and computationally(More)
A reversed-phase LC-MS method with quadrupole-time of flight (QTOF) detection has been developed for the determination of four dinitro-toluenesulfonic acids and two amino-nitro-toluenesulfonic acids in groundwater. The analytes were separated by HPLC with 0.1% ( v/ v) formic acid as mobile phase modifier compatible with mass spectrometric detection. QTOF-MS(More)
The excess use of triazine herbicides in agriculture causes severe contamination to the environment especially for ground water. Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to analyze simazine, atrazine (ATR), cyanazine, as well as the degradation products of ATR such as deethylatrazine and deisopropylatrazine in environmental water(More)
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