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We present a phase-field model (PFM) for solidification in binary alloys, which is found from the phase-field model for a pure material by direct comparison of the variables for a pure material solidification and alloy solidification. The model appears to be equivalent with the Wheeler-Boettinger-McFadden (WBM) model [A.A. Wheeler, W. J. Boettinger, and G.(More)
CONTEXT Insulin-like growth factor peptides play important roles in regulating cell growth, cell differentiation, and apoptosis, and have been demonstrated to promote the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). OBJECTIVE To examine the association of insulin-related biomarkers including insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor(More)
Methods We selected a stratified random population sample of Koreans aged 19-69 and evaluated them with a 60-item semi-structured interview designed to identify headache type, anxiety, depression and insomnia. Anxiety and depression symptoms were evaluated using Goldberg Anxiety Scale questions and Patient Health Questionnnaire-9, respectively. We used(More)
Methods This study retrospectively investigated patients hospitalized for application of MV between January 2011 and April 2014, in Kangwon National University Hospital, and Seoul Medical Center ICUs. Medical records of the patients were investigated in the following four areas: clinical characteristics, laboratory results, radiographic findings, and(More)
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