W. Shyy

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Adhesion of leukocytes to substrate involves the coupling of disparate length and timescales between molecular mechanics and macroscopic transport, and existing models of cell adhesion do not use full cellular information. To address these challenges, a multiscale computational approach for studying the adhesion of a cell on a substrate is developed and(More)
A three-layer Newtonian model is investigated using a combined Eulerian-Lagrangian computational method to describe the dynamic behaviour of leukocytes. The model, composed of a cell membrane (outer layer), cytoplasm (middle layer) and nucleus (inner layer), can better describe the recovery characteristics because large viscosity and capillarity differences(More)
The rheological properties of a leukocyte significantly affect its biological and mechanical characteristics. To date, existing physical models of leukocyte are not capable of quantitatively explaining the wide range of deformation and recovery behaviors observed in experiment. However, a compound drop model has gained some success. In the present work, we(More)
The fluid flow through a stenosed artery and its bypass graft in an anastomosis can substantially influence the outcome of bypass surgery. To help improve our understanding of this and related issues, the steady Navier-Stokes flows are computed in an idealized arterial bypass system with partially occluded host artery. Both the residual flow issued from the(More)
The adhesion of leukocytes to substrates is an important biomedical problem and has drawn extensive research. In this study, employing both single and compound drop models, we investigate how hydrodynamics interacts with an adherent liquid drop in a shear flow. These liquid drop models have recently been used to describe the rheological behavior of(More)
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but serious disease, and early diagnosis is essential to reducing its substantial morbidity and mortality. The 2 cases presented show that the key clinical and radiographic features of necrotizing fasciitis exist along a continuum of severity at initial presentation; thus, this diagnosis should not be prematurely ruled out in(More)
The presentation of cardiac tamponade is a spectrum from occult to extreme. The clinical history, physical exam, electrocardiogram, and radiographic findings of tamponade have poor sensitivities and even worse specificities. We use a clinical scenario to demonstrate how point-of-care cardiac ultrasound can diagnose impending cardiac tamponade in a(More)
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