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Acardiac anomaly is a rare condition affecting monochorionic multiple pregnancies. We review this condition with emphasis on its prenatal diagnostic features and treatment options. Due to the parasitic hemodynamic dependence of the acardiac twin on the pump twin, it is important to monitor the pump twin for signs of decompensation and, if indicated,(More)
This review of the literature aimed to determine pregnancy outcomes after minimally invasive treatment for occluding vascular supply to acardiac twins. A MEDLINE search was performed until 2002 using the terms 'acardiac', 'acardius', 'twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence' and 'chorangiopagus parasiticus' and 207 articles published in the(More)
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a rare complication of late pregnancy associated with a high rate of premature delivery, antepartum fetal death and fetal hypoxia. Since the principal biochemical feature of ICP is a marked elevation of maternal serum bile acid levels, a role of these substances in the pathophysiology of fetal complications has(More)
To assess the clinical significance of varix of the intraabdominal portion of the umbilical vein, we reviewed 10 cases diagnosed prenatally by ultrasonography at a median gestational age of 27 weeks. A comprehensive anatomic survey and serial follow-up scans were performed in each case. All three fetuses with associated anomalies died in utero, and prenatal(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the mechanism of human parturition in the setting of infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of labor (term and preterm) and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity on amniotic fluid (AF) concentrations IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. AF was retrieved by transabdominal amniocentesis from the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of increased fetal nuchal translucency thickness in twin pregnancies and to evaluate screening for trisomy 21 by a combination of translucency thickness and maternal age. DESIGN Prospective screening study at 10 to 14 weeks of gestation. SETTING Fetal Medicine Centre. POPULATION 22,518 self-selected pregnant women(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine if labor (term and preterm) and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity were associated with changes in amniotic fluid concentrations of tumor necrosis factor. STUDY DESIGN Amniotic fluid was retrieved by transabdominal amniocentesis from 269 women in the following groups: midtrimester (n = 38), preterm labor(More)
OBJECTIVE Velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord, with a reported incidence of 1% in singleton pregnancies, has been associated with several obstetric complications including fetal growth restriction, prematurity, congenital anomalies, low Apgar scores, fetal bleeding and retained placenta. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with open neural tube defects (NTD) undergoing prenatal chromosome analysis. The role of prenatal ultrasound in detecting those with an underlying chromosomal abnormality was also investigated. METHODS Over a 6-year period, 144 fetuses with open NTD underwent prenatal(More)
Chorionicity was prospectively determined in 369 twin pregnancies by ultrasound at 10-14 weeks of gestation. Pregnancies were classified as monochorionic if there was a single placental mass in the absence of the lambda sign at the inter-twin membrane-placental junction, and dichorionic if there was a single placental mass but the lambda sign was present,(More)