The morphometry, histochemistry, and biomechanical relationships of rectus capitis muscles were examined in adult cats. This family of muscles contained six members on the dorsal, ventral, and lateral aspects of the upper cervical vertebral column. Three dorsal muscles (rectus capitis posterior major, medius, and minor) formed a layered complex spanning… (More)
Finite element modeling of the human laryngeal system is dependent on accurate models of the geometry. Using magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of a human laryngeal cartilage, CAD solid models were created. Updates to this memo can be downloaded at http://www.vocalfolds.org.
The present study was conducted to evaluate the nature of sagittal-plane motion across cervical vertebral joints and to identify the centers of rotation for each joint in anaesthetized cats X-rayed in a range of head-neck postures. Relative positions of adjacent pairs of vertebrae were assessed by constructing transparent templates for each vertebra that… (More)
There has been a growing effort in restoring gait symmetry in clinical conditions associated with pronounced gait asymmetry. A prerequisite to achieve this is that the chosen approach can accurately assess symmetry and detect/impose changes that exceed the natural day to day variability. Global symmetry indices are superior to local and discrete indices… (More)
High levels of gait asymmetry are associated with many pathologies. Our long-term goal is to improve gait symmetry through real-time biofeedback of a symmetry index. Symmetry is often reported as a single metric or a collective signature of multiple discrete measures. While this is useful for assessment, incorporating multiple feedback metrics presents too… (More)