W. Scott Grayburn

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The velvet gene, veA, co-ordinates asexual and sexual development in the homothallic fungal species Aspergillus nidulans. Studies in Aspergillus parasiticus and Aspergillus fumigatus demonstrated that veA also regulates morphological differentiation in these species. Whether veA has the same role in morphogenesis in other fungal genera has not been(More)
A native homoethanol pathway (pyruvate-to-acetyl-CoA-to-acetaldehyde-to-ethanol) was engineered in Escherichia coli B. The competing fermentation pathways were eliminated by chromosomal deletions of the genes encoding for fumarate reductase (frdABCD), lactate dehydrogenase (ldhA), acetate kinase (ackA), and pyruvate formate lyase (pflB). For redox balance(More)
The Aspergillus nidulans putative mitogen-activated protein kinase encoded by mpkB has a role in natural product biosynthesis. An mpkB mutant exhibited a decrease in sterigmatocystin gene expression and low mycotoxin levels. The mutation also affected the expression of genes involved in penicillin and terrequinone A synthesis. mpkB was necessary for normal(More)
Secondary metabolism and development are linked in Aspergillus through the conserved regulatory velvet complex composed of VeA, VelB, and LaeA. The founding member of the velvet complex, VeA, shuttles between the cytoplasm and nucleus in response to alterations in light. Here we describe a new interaction partner of VeA identified through a reverse genetics(More)
Efficient utilization of pentose sugars (xylose and arabinose) is an essential requirement for economically viable ethanol production from cellulosic biomass. The desirable pentose-fermenting ethanologenic biocatalysts are the native microorganisms or the engineered derivatives without recruited exogenous gene(s). We have used a metabolic evolution(More)
A procedure was developed for transformation of Helianthus annuus (sunflower) using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Cotyledons were removed from young seedlings, and the remaining tissue was uniformly wounded by shaking with glass beads. The wounded tissue was then co-cultivated with a hypervirulent strain of Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring the binary(More)
Nicotiana tabacum tissue was transformed with a rat stearyl-CoA desaturase gene. Gas chromatographic analysis showed an increase in monounsaturated 16 and 18 carbon fatty acids in selected transformed calli and leaves. Fractionation of lipid classes indicated that palmitoleic acid was found in the phosphatidylcholine fraction of desaturase-transformed(More)
5S rRNA genes of Neurospora crassa are generally dispersed in the genome and are unmethylated. The xi-eta region of Oak Ridge strains represents an informative exception. Most of the cytosines in this region, which consists of a diverged tandem duplication of a 0.8-kilobase-pair segment including a 5S rRNA gene, appear to be methylated (E. U. Selker and J.(More)
Flavohemoglobins are widely distributed in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. These proteins are involved in reducing nitric oxide levels. Deletion of the Aspergillus nidulans flavohemoglobin gene fhbA induced sexual development and decreased sterigmatocystin production. Supplementation with a nitric oxide-releasing compound promoted cleistothecial formation(More)
The expression of lipoxygenases (LOXs) is known to be developmentally regulated in soybeans (Glycine max. [L.] Merr.). Hormones have been firmly established as being involved in the growth and developmental processes of a number of plant species. Correlation between the expression of LOXs and the development and germination of soybean embryos suggests that(More)