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Wegener, Warner S. (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio), and Antonio H. Romano. Control of isocitratase formation in Rhizopus nigricans. J. Bacteriol. 87:156-161. 1964.-A fumaric acid-producing strain of Rhizopus nigricans was found to produce a fair level of isocitratase in a casein hydrolysate medium. Glucose repressed enzyme formation. When(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae readily underwent autolysis when suspended in N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) buffer at alkaline pH values. Autolysis was inhibited by the addition of Mg2+ or other divalent cations. Autolysis was also suppressed at acid pH (pH 6.0). Suspension of cells in buffer was accompanied by the hydrolysis of(More)
The parent Escherichia coli K-12 is constitutive for the enzymes of the glyoxylate bypass and adapts to growth on long-chain fatty acids (C(12) to C(18)). It does not utilize medium-chain (C(6) to C(11)) or short-chain (C(4), C(5)) n-monocarboxylic acids. Several mutants of this strain which grow using short- or medium-chain acids, or both, as the sole(More)
The addition of 10 microgram of penicillin G per ml to log-phase cultures of Neisseria gonorrhoeae JW-31 (minimum inhibitory concentration for penicillin G, less than 0.007 microgram/ml) resulted in cellular lysis after a lag of 30 min. Penicillin markedly decreased the rate of peptidoglycan synthesis and enhanced the rate of hydrolysis of existing(More)
Exponential-phase cells of Neisseria gonorrhaeae 2686 were examined for phospholipid composition and for membrane-associated phospholipase A activity. When cells were harvested by centrifugation, washed, and lyophilized before extraction, approximately 74% of the total phospholipid was phosphatidylethanolamine, 18% was phosphatidylglycerol, 2% was(More)
A procedure previously used to select synchronous cultures of Chlorella was found to produce similar results with the bacterium Lineola longa (Bacillus macroides). A midlog culture of L. longa was layered onto a 31-42% dialyzed Ficoll gradient and ceitruged at 51 000 3 g. The culture sedimented into a broad band in 30 min. Continued centrifugation failed to(More)