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About 50 peptide toxins were purified from venom of the primitive hunting spider, Plectreurys tristis. Bioassay by injection into larval Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm) allowed selection of nine toxins for analysis of amino acid sequences. Total sequences were determined for six of the more insecticidal peptides (46-49 amino acids) and three contained(More)
Two classes of paralytic toxins were isolated from the venom of Agelenopsis aperta and their chemical and larvicidal properties characterized. Five acylpolyamine toxins (alpha-agatoxins) of molecular masses 452, 488, 489, 504, and 505 Da produce immediate but reversible paralysis in Manduca sexta following injection. Six insecticidal peptides (mu-agatoxins)(More)
1. Two paralytic peptides were isolated and identified from hemolymph of Trichoplusia ni Hubner. 2. These peptides cause rapid, rigid paralysis when injected into the lepidopteran insect, Manduca sexta. 3. The paralytic dose (ED50) of one peptide is 0.05 micrograms/g and the other is 0.9 micrograms/g. 4. Sequences are very similar to paralytic peptides from(More)
Seven paralytic peptides were isolated and identified from lepidopteran hemolymph. All of these peptides cause rapid, rigid paralysis when injected into Manduca sexta and some other lepidopteran larvae. Each peptide contains 23 amino acid residues including 2 cysteines and the carboxyl termini are acidic. Synthetic peptides in the disulfide or reduced(More)
Nine insecticidal peptides were isolated from the venom of the trap-door spider, Aptostichus schlingeri. Seven of these toxins cause flaccid paralysis of insect larvae within 10 min of injection and all were lethal within 24 hr. The complete amino acid sequences (32-76 residues) of six peptides are presented. The identified peptides contain three or four(More)
One peptide and ten acylpolyamine toxins (curtatoxins) were purified and identified from venom of Hololena curta. The acylpolyamines consist of six different polyamines which are amidated with three different aromatic acids: (3-indolyl)acetic, (4-hydroxy-3-indolyl)acetic and 2.5-dihydroxybenzoic acids. These acylpolyamines instantly paralyze lepidopteran(More)
Two acylpolyamines are identified from venom of the trap-door spider, Hebestatis theveniti. These toxins (paralytic to lepidopteran insect larvae) are amides containing 3-(3-indolyl)lactic acid joined to spermine or 1,13-diamino-4,10-diazatridecane (Het389 and Het403, respectively). Het389 is also abundant in venom from a tarantual from Mozambique(More)
Metabolism of [benzyl-14C]fluvalinate by chickens produces 3-phenoxybenzoic acid, which is further degraded by two new pathways. The first pathway involves O-dephenylation, not reported previously for related pyrethroids in birds or mammals. O-Dephenylation is a major metabolic route (12% of the applied 14C). In the second pathway, 2% of the applied dose is(More)
The structures are given for five paralytic acylpolyamines from the venom of the funnel web spider, Agelenopsis aperta. The acyl moieties are derived from (3-indolyl)acetic acid, (4-hydroxy-3-indolyl)acetic acid, and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. The polyamine portions of the toxins are novel. Three toxins (AG489, AG505, and AG452) contain 1, 5, 9, 13, 18,(More)
Within four days of receiving a single oral dose (1 mg/kg) of [U-ring-14C]dienochlor [bis(pentachloro-2,4-cyclopentadien-1-yl)] female rats excreted 2 and 88% of the applied 14C in urine and feces, respectively. Metabolites could not be identified and the preponderance of the fecal radioactivity consisted of unextractable 14C-labeled residues. Within 1 day(More)
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