W. S. Reznikoff

Learn More
Genomic evolution has been profoundly influenced by DNA transposition, a process whereby defined DNA segments move freely about the genome. Transposition is mediated by transposases, and similar events are catalyzed by retroviral integrases such as human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) integrase. Understanding how these proteins interact with DNA is(More)
DNA transposition is an important biological phenomenon that mediates genome rearrangements, inheritance of antibiotic resistance determinants, and integration of retroviral DNA. Transposition has also become a powerful tool in genetic analysis, with applications in creating insertional knockout mutations, generating gene-operon fusions to reporter(More)
This communication reports the development of an efficient in vitro transposition system for Tn5. A key component of this system was the use of hyperactive mutant transposase. The inactivity of wild type transposase is likely to be related to the low frequency of in vivo transposition. The in vitro experiments demonstrate the following: the only required(More)
The small genomes of obligate intracellular bacteria are often presumed to be impervious to mobile DNA and the fluid genetic processes that drive diversification in free-living bacteria. Categorized by reductive evolution and streamlining, the genomes of some obligate intracellular bacteria manifest striking degrees of stability and gene synteny. However,(More)
The lactose-controlling elements have been considered to be the simple paradigm of a cis-acting genetic regulatory system, containing a promoter whose activity is modulated by an operator and a catabolite gene activator protein (CAP)-binding site. The reality is considerably more complex. We now know that transcription is negatively regulated as a result of(More)
The initial chemical steps in Tn5 transposition result in blunt end cleavage of the transposon from the donor DNA. We demonstrate that this cleavage occurs via a hairpin intermediate. The first step is a 3' hydrolytic nick by transposase. The free 3'OH then attacks the phosphodiester bond on the opposite strand, forming a hairpin at the transposon end. In(More)
Tn5 was one of the first transposons to be identified ( 10 ). As a result of Tn5's early discovery and its simple macromolecular requirements for transposition, the Tn5 system has been a very productive tool for studying the molecular mechanism of DNA transposition. These studies are of broad value because they offer insights into DNA transposition in(More)
The bacterial transposon Tn5 encodes two proteins, the transposase and a related protein, the transposition inhibitor, whose relative abundance determines, in part, the frequency of Tn5 transposition. The synthesis of these proteins is programmed by a complex set of genetic regulatory elements. The host DNA methylation function, dam, inhibits transposase(More)
The mutants used to show that phosphoglucose isomerase, and glucose itself, are not essential components of Escherichia coli had not been characterized genetically, other than by mapping. We now describe two new pgi mutants, one amber and the other a Mu-phage insertion, presumably both complete inactivation mutations. The new mutations do not give a(More)
Protein catalyzed DNA rearrangements typically require assembly of complex nucleoprotein structures. In transposition and integration reactions, these structures, termed synaptic complexes, are mandatory for catalysis. We characterize the Tn5 pre-cleavage synaptic complex, the simplest transposition complex described to date. We identified this complex by(More)