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A characteristic feature of both Parkinson's disease (idiopathic paralysis agitans) and normal aging is loss of pigmented neurons in the substantia nigra. This has been found to correlate with the accumulation of neuromelanin and with oxidative stress in this brain region, but a clear association between these factors has not been established. Based on our(More)
Melanins are complex, incompletely understood polymeric pigments that historically have been difficult to investigate with common chemical, histochemical, and physicochemical techniques. Because these pigments uniquely contain a stable population of organic free radicals, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is a particularly effective method(More)
Researchers have suggested that the increased longitudinal relaxation rates (1/T1) of solvent water protons often found in melanoma result either from the paramagnetism of stable free radicals occurring in melanin or from that of methemoglobin in nonacute hemorrhagic regions of the tumor. However, field-cycling relaxometry and model solutions of synthetic(More)
Neuromelanin is a poorly understood pigment that accumulates in catecholaminergic neurons during normal aging. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, an especially effective technique for investigating melanins, is used in the present study to show unambiguously that neuromelanin is a melanin; however, it is not well modeled by synthetic dopamine(More)
A distinctive side-effect of exposure to minocycline is black pigmentation of the thyroid gland. Previous studies have identified an association between this side-effect and the ability of minocycline to competitively inhibit thyroid peroxidase, but extensive histochemical analyses have resulted in ambiguous definitions of the pigment. Electron paramagnetic(More)
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