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␣5IA is a compound that binds with equivalent subnanomolar affinity to the benzodiazepine (BZ) site of GABA A receptors containing an ␣1, ␣2, ␣3, or ␣5 subunit but has inverse agonist efficacy selective for the ␣5 subtype. As a consequence, the in vitro and in vivo effects of this compound are mediated primarily via GABA A receptors containing an ␣5(More)
The ability of tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonists to inhibit GR73632 (D-Ala-[L-Pro9,Me-Leu8]substance P-(7-11))-induced foot tapping in gerbils was employed as an indirect measure of brain penetration and this was compared with their ability to prevent acute emesis induced by cisplatin in ferrets. (+)-GR203040 ((2S,3S and(More)
Alpha5IA is a compound that binds with equivalent subnanomolar affinity to the benzodiazepine (BZ) site of GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, or alpha5 subunit but has inverse agonist efficacy selective for the alpha5 subtype. As a consequence, the in vitro and in vivo effects of this compound are mediated primarily via GABA(A)(More)
The anti-emetic profile of the novel brain penetrant tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist MK-0869 (L-754,030) 2-(R)-(1-(R)-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenylethoxy)-3-(S)-(4-fluor o)phenyl-4-(3-oxo-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)methylmorpholine and its water soluble prodrug, L-758,298, has been examined against emesis induced by cisplatin in ferrets. In a 4 h observation(More)
(3-tert-Butyl-7-(5-methylisoxazol-3-yl)-2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylmethoxy)pyrazolo[1,5-d][1,2,4]triazine (13) has been identified as a functionally selective, inverse agonist at the benzodiazepine site of GABA(A) alpha5 receptors. 13 is orally bioavailable, readily penetrates the CNS, and enhances performance in animal models of cognition. It does(More)
Exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) decreases food intake and causes satiety in animals and man. However, it has not been established that endogenous CCK causes satiety or whether the response is mediated by peripheral-type (CCK-A) or brain-type (CCK-B) receptors. The development of potent and selective antagonists for CCK-A (MK-329) and CCK-B (L-365,260)(More)
We assessed the effects of heptyl physostigmine, a new cholinesterase inhibitor, in a mouse tail-flick (TF) test, a mouse and rat passive avoidance test, a rat conditioned suppression-of-drinking (CSD) test, a rat Random Interval (RI) response rate test and a rat delayed matching-to-position (DMTP) test. In the TF test, a dose of 8.0 mg/kg of heptyl induced(More)
These studies have compared the pharmacological profile of two non-peptide human type neurokinin1 (hNK1) receptor selective antagonists, L-741,671 and a quaternised compound L-743,310. In radioligand binding studies L-741,671 and L-743,310 had high affinity for ferret and cloned hNK1 receptors [Ki (nM) ferret 0.7 and 0.1; human 0.03 and 0.06, respectively](More)
Effects of the NK1 receptor antagonist CP-99,994 on nicotine-induced emesis were examined in Suncus murinus. CP-99,994 (3 and 10 mg/kg i.p.) attenuated emesis to (-)nicotine (4 mg/kg s.c.). CP-100,263 (3 and 10 mg/kg i.p.), the enantiomer of CP-99,994 with 1000 fold lower affinity for the NK1 receptor was without effect and RP67580 reduced emesis only at a(More)
These studies have examined the effects of the selective neurokinin1 (NK1) receptor antagonist CP-99,994 on the retching and vomiting response to apomorphine. CP-99,994 (1-3 mg/kg i.p.) attenuated retching and vomiting induced by apomorphine (0.25 mg/kg s.c.) with complete inhibition of retching and vomiting at the 3 mg/kg dose. In contrast CP-100,263 (3(More)