Learn More
Lymnaea stagnalis were operantly conditioned to not perform aerial respiratory behavior. This learned response was subsequently extinguished. Here, we show that spaced extinction training is more effective than massed extinction training, in addition to the occurrence of spontaneous recovery. We also find evidence of a critical period within the first hour(More)
In Lymnaea aerial respiratory behaviour can be operantly conditioned; snails learn not to perform this behaviour. Depending on the training procedure used, snails are competent to form either intermediate-term (ITM; lasting 1-3 h) or long-term (LTM; >4 h) memory. We found that cooling the snails for 1 h immediately after training was sufficient to block(More)
This article describes numerical methods that exploit fixed-point equations equivalent to the first-order condition for Bertrand-Nash equilibrium prices in a class of differentiated product market models based on the mixed-logit model of demand. One fixed-point equation is already prevalent in the literature, and one is novel. Equilibrium prices are(More)
This article proves the existence of equilibrium prices in Bertrand competition with multi-product firms using the Logit model of demand. The most general proof, an application of the Poincare-Hopf Theorem, does not rely on restrictive assumptions such as single-product firms, firm homogeneity or symmetry, homogeneous product costs, or even concavity of the(More)
  • 1