W. Romney White

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Hypofunction of prefrontal cortical regions, such as dorsolateral and orbital regions, has been suggested to contribute to the symptomatology of schizophrenia. In the rat, the medial and the lateral prefrontal cortices are considered as homologs of the primate dorsolateral and orbital prefrontal cortices, respectively. The present study investigated in rats(More)
The present study examined the assumption that immediate food reward is the critical determinant of efficient performance on the radial maze. Food-deprived and nondeprived rats were run on a large-platformed, S-arm radial maze that was either baited or unbaited. Food-deprived rats that were rewarded entered significantly more novel arms in their first eight(More)
This study investigated alterations in the disposition and pharmacodynamics of methamphetamine HCl after daily administration. Six male paid volunteers familiar with the use of amphetamines participated. Each subject was administered 10 mg of methamphetamine HCl as a slow-release preparation (Desoxyn Gradumets) at 9 a.m. for 13 consecutive days (days 2-14(More)
Although lesion studies suggest that the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFc) is involved in the process necessary for reversal of a particular set of contingencies, the nature of lesion-induced deficits is unclear. The involvement of rat mPFc in reversal of a simple spatial discrimination was examined in the present study. Our hypothesis was that(More)
Exposure to methamphetamine (METH) and phencyclidine (PCP) during early development is thought to produce later behavioral deficits. We postulated that exposure to METH and PCP during later development would produce similar behavioral deficits, particularly learning deficits in adulthood. Wistar rats were treated with METH (9 mg/kg), PCP (9 mg/kg), or(More)
Six healthy male, paid volunteers smoked one NIDA cigarette containing 1.0% THC each day for 13 consecutive days. They were tested before and after the period of drug administration by the following procedure: the subjects smoked one NIDA marijuana cigarette containing 1.0% THC followed 15 minutes later by the intravenous infusion of 52 micrograms/min of(More)
Nicotine produces interoceptive stimulus effects in humans, which may be critical in understanding tobacco use. It has not yet clearly been demonstrated that discrimination of nicotine, or any drug, in humans is due to its central effects. We compared effects of mecamylamine (10 mg p.o.), a central and peripheral nicotine antagonist, on nicotine(More)
Forty-four patients who met criteria for major depressive disorder were assessed for presence of dysfunctional attitudes and negative self-schema on admission. After six weeks, of sixteen patients who had shown high dysfunctional attitudes, six (35%) had not recovered. By contrast, of seventeen patients who had been equally severely depressed at the outset,(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the interaction between ethanol and dextroamphetamine with regard to psychomotor performance. Twelve healthy, male, paid volunteers, moderate users of ethanol and amphetamines, participated in this study. Ethanol (0.85 g/kg or placebo) was administered over a 30-min interval. Five minutes before the termination(More)