W. Robb MacLellan

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Our understanding of how mesodermal tissue is formed has been limited by the absence of specific and reliable markers of early mesoderm commitment. We report that mesoderm commitment from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is initiated by epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as shown by gene expression profiling and by reciprocal changes in expression(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms responsible for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced LV structural remodeling in the adult heart are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS We generated a line of transgenic mice (MHCsTNF) with cardiac restricted overexpression of TNF that develop progressive LV dilation/remodeling from 4 to 12 weeks of age. During the early phases of LV(More)
OBJECTIVES The study aimed to evaluate the role of obesity in the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Previous reports link obesity to the development of HF. However, the impact of obesity in patients with established HF has not been studied. METHODS We analyzed 1,203 patients with advanced HF followed in a comprehensive HF(More)
We have developed a generic mathematical model of a cell cycle signaling network in higher eukaryotes that can be used to simulate both the G1/S and G2/M transitions. In our model, the positive feedback facilitated by CDC25 and wee1 causes bistability in cyclin-dependent kinase activity, whereas the negative feedback facilitated by SKP2 or(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between anemia and heart failure (HF) prognosis. BACKGROUND Although it is known that chronic diseases, including HF, may be associated with anemia, the impact of hemoglobin (Hb) level on symptoms and survival in HF has not been fully defined. We analyzed a cohort of 1,061 patients with advanced HF(More)
Skeletal alpha-actin (SkA) is representative of the cardiac genes that are expressed at high levels in embryonic myocardium, down-regulated after birth, and reactivated by trophic signals including type beta-transforming growth factors (TGF beta). To investigate the molecular basis for cardiac-restricted and TGF beta-induced SkA transcription, we have(More)
Cardiac myocytes rapidly proliferate during fetal life but exit the cell cycle soon after birth in mammals. Although the extent to which adult cardiac myocytes are capable of cell cycle reentry is controversial and species-specific differences may exist, it appears that for the vast majority of adult cardiac myocytes the predominant form of growth(More)
BACKGROUND Successful autologous skeletal myoblast transplantation into infarcted myocardium in a variety of animal models has demonstrated improvement in cardiac function. We evaluated the safety and feasibility of transplanting autologous myoblasts into infarcted myocardium of patients undergoing concurrent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or left(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) exist as large colonies containing tightly adherent, undifferentiated cells. Disaggregation of hESC as single cells significantly affects their survival and differentiation, suggesting that adhesion mechanisms are critical for the assembly and maintenance of hESC colonies. The goal of these studies was to determine the key(More)
c-Myc, a protooncogene, mediates both proliferative and cellular growth in many cell types. Although not expressed in the adult heart under normal physiological conditions, Myc expression is rapidly upregulated in response to hypertrophic stimuli. Although Myc is capable of sustaining hyperplastic growth in fetal myocytes, the effects of its re-expression(More)