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The present experiments have been conducted to study the immediate effects of graded immersion on the central circulation. When taking heart volume as an indicator, it was found that immersion to the diaphragm of a standing subject produces the same changes as assumption of the supine posture. Heart volume increases by approximately 130ml. When the water(More)
Two patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who were successfully treated for cerebral toxoplasmosis presented a few weeks later with neurologic abnormalities. Brain CT scan showed ventricular dilatation, ependymitis, and meningoencephalitis. Both patients died despite extensive treatment. Neuropathological examination showed enlargement of(More)
13 subjects standing in a narrow upright tank were exposed to rapid water immersion up to the neck. The tank was filled from an elevated reservoir in less than 4 s. In 8 subjects heart size was measured by Roentgen-cinematography combined with video tape recording. Planimetry of the diastolic postero-anterior area of the heart showed an average increase in(More)
The effective compliance is defined as the relation of change in blood volume to change in central venous pressure. It was measured in 8 upright sitting male subjects and amounted to 3.3 ml/(mm Hg×kg BW). It is, therefore, by about 50% greater than the effective compliance in the supine subject which amounts to 2.3 ml/(mm Hg×kg BW). This difference is(More)
A new radiologic method for measuring the rotation of a scoliosis from CT pictures is described. Normal deviation from the 0 position at the level of the first lumbar vertebra in 50 patients without clinically demonstrable scoliosis when accurately positioned, was M = 0.06 degrees +/- 2.95 SD. Direct measurements of the rotation of the spine and of the(More)
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