W. R. McKinney

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Two recently commissioned infrared beamlines on the 1.4 bending magnet port at the Advanced Light Source, LBNL, are described. Using a synchrotron as an IR source provides three primary advantages: increased brightness, very fast light pulses, and enhanced far-IR flux. The considerable brightness advantage manifests itself most beneficially when performing(More)
Terahertz (THz) radiation, which lies in the far-infrared region, is at the interface of electronics and photonics. Narrow-band THz radiation can be produced by free-electron lasers and fast diodes. Broadband THz radiation can be produced by thermal sources and, more recently, by table-top laser-driven sources and by short electron bunches in accelerators,(More)
we convened a workshop to discuss the possibilities of a Far-IR source at the ALS, review the science that would benefit from such a source, and identify top scientists with the skills and interest to lead a drive to completion. Just over thirty attended the workshop. Please refer to the attendee's list and the program schedule appended at the end of the(More)
We consider the initial-value problem for the radially symmetric nonlinear Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity (NLS) in d = 2 and 3 space dimensions. To approximate smooth solutions of this problem, we construct and analyze a numerical method based on a standard Galerkin finite element spatial discretization with piecewise linear, continuous(More)
Synchrotron radiation-based (SR) Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectromicroscopy in the mid-infrared region is a surface analytical technique that can provide direct insights into the localization and real-time mechanisms for the reduction of the (CrO 4) 2¡ chromate [Cr(VI)] species on surfaces of geologic materials. Time-resolved SR-FTIR spectra(More)
Synchrotron radiation-based Fourier transform infrared spectromicroscopy is a newly emerging analytical tool capable of monitoring the biochemistry within an individual living mammalian cell in real time. This unique technique provides infrared (IR) spectra, hence chemical information, with high signal to noise at spatial resolutions as fine as 3-10 microm.(More)
INTRODUCTION Exposure to polychlorinated aromatic compounds can lead to various health effects including cancers, alteration of hormone levels, and reproductive defects in animals 1-6 and humans. 7-14 Among this family of pollutants, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is one of the most potent and most studied " man-made " toxins, causing harmful(More)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is one of the most sensitive analytical techniques for biological systems. Many common biomolecules, such as nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids have characteristic and well-defined IR-active vibrational modes. 1,2 Combining IR spectroscopy with microscopy yields a powerful tool for non-destructively probing biomolecules on a(More)
INTRODUCTION Pollution of subsurface geologic zones and the possibility of using the intrinsic endolithic (rock/mineral-inhabiting) bacteria to either detoxify or immobilize the pollutants have stimulated new interests in the exploration of endolithic bacteria and their long-term survival in the geologic environment. The location of bacteria within rocks(More)
Bursts of coherent synchrotron radiation at far-infrared and millimeter wavelengths have been observed at several storage rings. A microbunching instability has been proposed as the source for the bursts. However, the microbunching mechanism has yet to be elucidated. We provide the first evidence that the bursts are due to a microbunching instability driven(More)