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At the Advanced Light Source, three protein crystallography beamlines have been built that use as a source one of the three 6 T single-pole superconducting bending magnets (superbends) that were recently installed in the ring. The use of such single-pole superconducting bend magnets enables the development of a hard X-ray program on a relatively low-energy(More)
Synchrotron radiation-based Fourier transform infrared spectromicroscopy is a newly emerging analytical tool capable of monitoring the biochemistry within an individual living mammalian cell in real time. This unique technique provides infrared (IR) spectra, hence chemical information, with high signal to noise at spatial resolutions as fine as 3-10 microm.(More)
Two recently commissioned infrared beamlines on the 1.4 bending magnet port at the Advanced Light Source, LBNL, are described. Using a synchrotron as an IR source provides three primary advantages: increased brightness, very fast light pulses, and enhanced far-IR flux. The considerable brightness advantage manifests itself most beneficially when performing(More)
Synchrotron radiation-based (SR) Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectromicroscopy in the mid-infrared region is a surface analytical technique that can provide direct insights into the localization and real-time mechanisms for the reduction of the (CrO 4) 2¡ chromate [Cr(VI)] species on surfaces of geologic materials. Time-resolved SR-FTIR spectra(More)
The role of humic acid (HA) in the biodegradation of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been the subject of controversy, particularly in unsaturated environments. By utilizing an infrared spectromicroscope and a very bright, nondestructive synchrotron photon source, we monitored in situ and, over time, the influence of HA on the progression(More)
Terahertz (THz) radiation, which lies in the far-infrared region, is at the interface of electronics and photonics. Narrow-band THz radiation can be produced by free-electron lasers and fast diodes. Broadband THz radiation can be produced by thermal sources and, more recently, by table-top laser-driven sources and by short electron bunches in accelerators,(More)
We consider the initial-value problem for the radially symmetric nonlinear Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity (NLS) in d = 2 and 3 space dimensions. To approximate smooth solutions of this problem, we construct and analyze a numerical method based on a standard Galerkin finite element spatial discretization with piecewise linear, continuous(More)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is one of the most sensitive analytical techniques for biological systems. Many common biomolecules, such as nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids have characteristic and well-defined IR-active vibrational modes. 1,2 Combining IR spectroscopy with microscopy yields a powerful tool for non-destructively probing biomolecules on a(More)
INTRODUCTION Exposure to polychlorinated aromatic compounds can lead to various health effects including cancers, alteration of hormone levels, and reproductive defects in animals 1-6 and humans. 7-14 Among this family of pollutants, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is one of the most potent and most studied " man-made " toxins, causing harmful(More)
Bursts of coherent synchrotron radiation at far-infrared and millimeter wavelengths have been observed at several storage rings. A microbunching instability has been proposed as the source for the bursts. However, the microbunching mechanism has yet to be elucidated. We provide the first evidence that the bursts are due to a microbunching instability driven(More)