W R Kinkel

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The authors study brain regional glucose metabolism prospectively in multiple sclerosis (MS) using high-resolution 2-[18-F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) in 25 MS patients of the Dent Neurologic Institute compared with 6 healthy subjects. Glucose metabolism is measured in 20 regions of interest using a line-profile(More)
Twenty-three elderly patients were found to have a consistent pattern of leukoencephalopathy by computed tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Eight patients presented with vague, nonspecific symptoms and had no neurologic deficits. The other 15 patients had neurologic deficits that presented in one of three ways: stroke, seven patients; slowly(More)
We performed functional MRI (fMRI) on a patient with a mass lesion while she happened to experience a simple partial seizure. We used regional T2* signal changes to localize seizure-related hemodynamic changes. Seizure activity was associated with changes in MR signal in different regions that showed sequential activation and deactivation. Our study has(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging may show subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with high sensitivity. We hypothesized that the FLAIR technique is effective and reliable in the diagnosis of cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). METHODS Two observers evaluated the 1.5-T MR fast spin-echo FLAIR images, T1- and(More)
One hundred thirty-five normal volunteers were examined by computerized tomography (CT) and their ventricular size was measured by planimetry. A pattern of change in ventricular size from the first through the ninth decades was discerned and quantified. A gradually progressive increase in ventricular size from the first through sixth decades was followed by(More)
Four cases are presented of marked periventricular oedema associated with hydrocephalus on CT scan. In one of the patients oedema, as well as the hydrocephalus, subsided after successful re-establishment of CSF absorption. The most likely explanation of the periventricular oedema is increased absorption of CSF by periventricular brain tissue.
OBJECTIVE To describe hyperintense vessels sign (HVS) in patients with acute stroke on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI and determine its clinical significance and utility. BACKGROUND Enhancement of vessels on postcontrast MRI in patients with acute stroke is considered an indicator of early brain ischemia. Recently, the FLAIR technique has(More)
Eight of 16 patients with isolated idiopathic optic neuritis were found to have one to several brain lesions by nuclear magnetic resonance scanning. The brain lesions were predominantly located in the periventricular white matter; their appearances, locations, and extents were similar to those seen in recent nuclear magnetic resonance studies of patients(More)
To document the occurrence, time course, and predictors of global cognitive impairment following a supratentorial stroke, we prospectively studied 41 consecutive patients with acute cerebral ischemia and no evidence of pre-existing intellectual disturbances. The Graded Neurologic Scale and Mattis Dementia Rating Scale were used to assess neurologic and(More)
Cerebral venous thrombosis is an unusual form of cerebrovascular disease that may cause cerebral venous infarction (CVI). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain may improve the often elusive diagnosis of CVI. However, the sensitivity, specificity, and full spectrum of such MRI findings are poorly understood. The authors present the cases of three(More)