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For deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN), it would be an advantage if the STN could be visualized with fast acquisition of MR images, allowing direct and individual targeting. We present a protocol for T2-weighted, nonvolumetric fast-acquisition MRI, implemented at 8 centers in 6 countries. Acquisition time varied between 3 min 5 s(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the thalamus (thalamic DBS) is an established therapy for medically intractable essential tremor and tremor caused by multiple sclerosis. In both disorders, motor disability results from complex interaction between kinetic tremor and accompanying ataxia with voluntary movements. In clinical studies, the efficacy of thalamic DBS has(More)
The optimal stimulation site in subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) was evaluated by correlation of the stereotactic position of the stimulation electrode with the electrophysiologically specified dorsal STN border. In a series of 25 electrodes, best clinical results with least energy consumption were found in contacts located in the dorsolateral(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently a randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial of biodegradable polymers containing carmustine has demonstrated a significant survival benefit for patients treated with local chemotherapy. A local chemotherapy applied directly to the resection cavity may act directly on residual tumor cells in adjacent brain possibly leading to a local(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a heterogeneous disorder that leads to variable expression of several different motor symptoms. While changes in firing rate, pattern, and oscillation of basal ganglia neurons have been observed in PD patients and experimental animals, there is limited evidence linking them to specific motor symptoms. Here we examined this(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) improves motor symptoms of Parkinson disease. Although several studies have assessed cognitive functions before surgery and after long-term STN stimulation, only a few have assessed patients while stimulation is on and off to more specifically address the short-term cognitive effects of STN(More)
BACKGROUND The ventro-lateral thalamus is the stereotactic target of choice for severe intention tremor. Nevertheless, the optimal target area has remained controversial, and targeting of the subthalamic area has been suggested to be superior. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eleven patients with disabling intention tremor of different etiology (essential tremor (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE While motor effects of dopaminergic medication and subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are well explored, their effects on sensory processing are less well understood. Here, we studied the impact of levodopa and STN-DBS on auditory processing. METHODS Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) was(More)
BACKGROUND The subthalamic nucleus is the preferred target for deep brain stimulation in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. The site of permanent stimulation is the subject of ongoing debate, as stimulation both within and adjacent to the subthalamic nucleus may be effective. OBJECTIVE To assess the position of active electrode contacts in(More)
In evaluating the success of deep brain stimulation (DBS), the benefit for the patient is the most important criteria. Nevertheless, correct placement of electrodes should also be determined in terms of their anatomic position. Therefore, we propose a suite of different imaging modalities and further processing, which leads to an exact anatomic and(More)