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Glial cells actively participate in synaptic transmission. They clear molecules from the synaptic cleft, receive signals from neurons and, in turn, release molecules that can modulate signaling between neuronal elements. Whether glial-derived transmitters can contribute to enduring changes in postsynaptic efficacy, however, remains to be established. In rat(More)
The magnocellular neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus (MNCs) regulate water balance by releasing vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) as a function of plasma osmolality. Release is determined largely by the rate and pattern of MNC firing, but sustained increases in osmolality also produce structural adaptations, such as cellular hypertrophy, that may be(More)
The primary components of the neurohypophysis are the neuroendocrine terminals that release vasopressin and oxytocin, and pituicytes, which are astrocytes that normally surround and envelop these terminals. Pituicytes regulate neurohormone release by secreting the inhibitory modulator taurine in an osmotically-regulated fashion and undergo a marked(More)
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels are responsible for the activation of the Ca(2+) influx that triggers exocytotic secretion. The synaptic protein interaction (synprint) site found in the II-III loop of Ca(V)2.1 and Ca(V)2.2 mediates a physical association with synaptic proteins that may be crucial for fast neurotransmission and axonal targeting. We report here(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hemodynamic compromise and formation of thrombi within the fibrillating atrium or atrial appendage can occur. Surgical treatment aims to eliminate dysrhythmia-triggering foci in the pulmonary veins and posterior left atrium by radiofrequency ablation techniques using ohmic(More)
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