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Adaptive shaping of the phase and amplitude of femtosecond laser pulses has been developed into an efficient tool for the directed manipulation of interference phenomena, thus providing coherent control over various quantum-mechanical systems. Temporal resolution in the femtosecond or even attosecond range has been demonstrated, but spatial resolution is(More)
We introduce a spectroscopic method that determines nonlinear quantum mechanical response functions beyond the optical diffraction limit and allows direct imaging of nanoscale coherence. In established coherent two-dimensional (2D) spectroscopy, four-wave-mixing responses are measured using three ingoing waves and one outgoing wave; thus, the method is(More)
We present general analytic solutions for optical coherent control of electromagnetic energy propagation in plasmonic nanostructures. Propagating modes are excited with tightly focused ultrashort laser pulses that are shaped in amplitude, phase, and polarization (ellipticity and orientation angle). We decouple the interplay between two main mechanisms which(More)
Nuclei of mouse liver and an immunoglobulin producing myeloma were digested with HaeIII or its isoschizomer BspRI. The DNA fragment patterns after electrophoresis, blotting, and hybridization were very similar for the two types of nuclei when a probe for the non-expressed beta-globin gene was used. The constant (C) region of the kappa light chain gene, on(More)
The Gas Insulated Line (GIL) is a reliable system for electrical energy transport. One of the important parts of the GIL is the insulating gas that can be stressed not only with lightning impulses, but also with very fast transients (VFT) if a busduct connector is being closed or opened. An alternative gaseous medium is needed in order to substitute(More)
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