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Lymphatic mapping (LM) and sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification by blue dye in colon cancer is a procedure feasible during minimally invasive surgery, with good specificity, but still a low sensitivity (78% in our series). These results are in accordance with the literature and have limited more widespread diffusion of the method, both as a tool for(More)
The morphogenesis of four freshwater tintinnids was investigated using protargol silver impregnation and scanning electron microscopy. Division is rather similar in Tintinnopsis cylindrata, Tintinnidium pusillum and T. semiciliatum, e.g. the oral primordium develops apokinetally posterior of somatic kinety 10 and the somatic ciliature originates by two(More)
Laparoscopic rectal surgery is feasible, oncologically safe, and offers better short-term outcomes than traditional open procedures in terms of pain control, recovery of bowel function, length of hospital stay, and time until return to working activity. Nevertheless, laparoscopic techniques are not widely used in rectal surgery, mainly because they require(More)
The effects of mancozeb (fungicide) and lindane (insecticide) were investigated in active soil ciliates, testaceans, rotifers, and nematodes. The effects were evaluated 1, 7, 15, 40, 65, and 90 days after application of a standard and a high (10x) dose. Individual numbers were estimated with a direct counting method. Mancozeb, even at the high dose, had no(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage cholestatic liver disease (ESCLD) is the main indication for liver replacement in children. Pediatric cadaver-organ-donor shortage has prompted the most important evolutions in the technique of liver transplantation, in particular living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and split-liver transplantation (SLT). METHODS Between November(More)
significant negative influence on the location of a different host habitat by females of this parasitoid. The precise mechanism by which prior experience acted to influence host habitat location by these females has not been disclosed by this experiment, as it is impossible to separate the effects o f different hosts and habitats from the overall effect of(More)
The laparoscopic approach for treatment of rectal cancer has been proven feasible and oncologically safe, and is able to offer better short-term outcomes than traditional open procedures, mainly in terms of reduced length of hospital stay and time to return to working activity. In spite of this, the laparoscopic technique is usually practised only in(More)
The current standard treatment for rectal cancer is based on a multimodality approach with preoperative radiochemotherapy in advanced cases and complete surgical removal through total mesorectal excision (TME). The most frequent surgical approach is traditional open surgery, as laparoscopic TME requires high technical skill, a long learning curve, and is(More)
Splenic flexure mobilization is a challenging surgical procedure, but is it necessary to safely perform left colon and rectal resections. This paper is a technical focus detailing the four ways to mobilize splenic flexure in robotic surgery. The medial approach involves an extensive dissection of the medial plane separating descending mesocolon form Toldt(More)