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Chalcomycin, a 16-membered macrolide antibiotic made by the bacterium Streptomyces bikiniensis, contains a 2,3-trans double bond and the neutral sugar D-chalcose in place of the amino sugar mycaminose found in most other 16-membered macrolides. Degenerate polyketide synthase (PKS)-specific primers were used to amplify DNA fragments from S. bikiniensis with(More)
The Streptomyces coelicolor fab (fatty acid biosynthesis) gene cluster (fabD-fabH-acpP-fabF) is cotranscribed to produce a leaderless mRNA transcript. One of these genes, fabH, encodes a ketoacyl synthase III that is essential to and is proposed to be responsible for initiation of fatty acid biosynthesis in S. coelicolor.
The erythromycin A-producing polyketide synthase from the gram-positive bacterium Saccharopolyspora erythraea (formerly Streptomyces erythraeus) has evident structural similarity to fatty acid synthases, particularly to the multifunctional fatty acid synthases found in eukaryotic cells. Fatty acid synthesis in S. erythraea has previously been proposed to(More)
A fragment of DNA was cloned from the Streptomyces griseus K-63 genome by using genes (act) for the actinorhodin polyketide synthase (PKS) of Streptomyces coelicolor as a probe. Sequencing of a 5.4-kb segment of the cloned DNA revealed a set of five gris open reading frames (ORFs), corresponding to the act PKS genes, in the following order: ORF1 for a(More)
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