W Paul Farquhar-Smith

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While evidence implicates the endogenous cannabinoid system as a novel analgesic target at a spinal level, detailed analysis of the distribution of the cannabinoid receptor CB(1) in spinal cord has not been reported. Here, immunocytochemical studies were used to characterize the CB(1) receptor expression in rat spinal cord. Staining was found in the(More)
Analgesia is an important physiological function of the endocannabinoid system and one of significant clinical relevance. This review discusses the analgesic effects of endocannabinoids at spinal and peripheral levels, firstly by describing the physiological framework for analgesia and secondly by reviewing the evidence for analgesic effects of(More)
Cannabinoids have previously been shown to possess analgesic properties in a model of visceral hyperalgesia in which the neurotrophin, nerve growth factor (NGF), plays a pivotal role. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antihyperalgesic effects of two cannabinoids in NGF-evoked visceral hyperalgesia in order to test the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND Nerve growth factor (NGF) is central to processes involved in an inflammatory hyperalgesia. Administration of exogenous NGF induces a hyperalgesia that is dependent on local neutrophil influx. The effects of administration of the cannabinoid anandamide and the cannabimimetic palmitoylethanolamide on an NGF-induced hyperalgesia and neutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND Referred hyperalgesia to a somatopically appropriate superficial site is a cardinal symptom of visceral inflammatory pain and has been demonstrated after turpentine-induced urinary bladder inflammation in the rat. The authors examined the effect of the endocannabinoids anandamide and palmitoylethanolamide on the referred hyperalgesia associated(More)
Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum derivative which in combination with a fluoropyrimidine has demonstrated improved overall survival in metastatic colon cancer [1], prolonged progression free survival in an adjuvant setting [2] and prompted recommendations for its use by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence [3]. Initial studies with(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Historically cannabinoids have been used for both therapy and recreation, yet the elucidation of the endocannabinoid system and their chemistry has been relatively recent. Prohibition of cannabis has meant few clinical trials, especially in cancer pain. This review will consider previous animal and clinical data and assess more recent(More)
It has been suggested that administration of a cannabinoid CB(1) (SR141716A ¿N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1-H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide) and CB(2) (SR144528 ¿N-[(1S)-endo-1, 3, 3-trimethyl bicyclo ¿2.2.1 heptan-2-yl]-5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)-pyr azo le- 3-carboxamide¿) receptor antagonists to mice(More)
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