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Opioid-produced antinociception in mammals seems to be mediated in part by pathways originating in the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and the rostroventral medulla (RVM), and these pathways may include serotonergic neurons. In the present study, we examined the relationship of the cloned mu- and delta-receptors (MOR1 and DOR1, respectively) to PAG neurons(More)
Previous studies have suggested that peptides such as substance P and thyrotropin-releasing hormone coexist with serotonin in the same varicosities in the ventral horn and intermediate gray of the spinal cord in rat. However, coexistence of these peptides with serotonin is rare in fibers in the superficial dorsal horn. Since it has been proposed that(More)
The spinal cord is innervated by brainstem serotonergic neurons, some of which contain substance P and/or thyrotropin-releasing hormone in addition to serotonin. These neurons project at least three types of axons to the spinal cord: those containing both substance P and thyrotropin-releasing hormone, those containing thyrotropin-releasing hormone but not(More)
Mice with a targeted disruption of adenosine A(3) receptor (A(3)AR) gene were assessed for their nociceptive threshold and for their localized inflammatory response following carrageenan injected into the hindpaw. Under basal conditions no difference was seen between A(3)AR knock-out (A(3)AR(-/-)) and wild-type (A(3)AR(+/+)) mice in nociceptive response to(More)
The distribution of mRNA coding for a pituitary thyrotropin releasing-hormone (TRH) receptor was examined on sections of spinal cord and lower brainstem of rat using in situ hybridization. Hybridization signals were observed over large neurons in the ventral horn in cervical, thoracic, and lumbar segments of spinal cord, and over neurons in the motor nuclei(More)
Systemically administered mexiletine, an antiarrhythmic, has been shown to also possess analgesic properties in some conditions of neuropathic pain. It has been suggested that the analgesic effect of mexiletine may be derived from the action of one of its optical isomers, (+)(S)-mexiletine. In the present study, we have compared the effects of systemic(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a physiological antagonist of opioid-mediated antinociception and may be involved in some chronic pain states where opioids have reduced effect. We have previously shown in a rat model of central neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury that blockade of CCK-B receptors lead to marked pain relief. In the present study, we showed(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNA) are nucleic acid analogues containing neutral amide backbone, forming stable and tight complexes with complementary DNA/RNA. However, it is unclear whether unmodified PNA can efficiently penetrate neuronal tissue in order to act as antisense reagent. Here we show that intrathecal (i.t.) injection of an unmodified antisense PNA(More)
The expression of pre-pro-somatostatin (ppSOM) mRNA in the spinal cord of the developing rat was determined by in situ hybridization. Expression of ppSOM mRNA was detected in cells in the gray matter of the dorsal and ventral horns at day E15, the earliest stage examined in this study. Expression of ppSOM mRNA persisted during development and into adulthood(More)
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