W. P. McCafferty

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This experiment tested the effects of heavy metal contaminated sediment on emergence of chironomids. The number of adults emerging from test chambers containing an uncontaminated sediment and ones with sediment containing 1030 ppm cadmium (Cd), 17,300 ppm zinc (Zn), and 1640 ppm chromium (Cr) were observed for 14 days. It was found that emergence was(More)
Avoidance reactions of chironomid larvae to contaminated sediment taken from a heavy metal impacted lake were studied. Heavy metal levels in the test sediment ranged from background of 0.6 parts per million (ppm) cadmium, 77 ppm zinc and 17 ppm chromium to a maximum of 1,029 ppm cadmium, 17,262 ppm zinc and 2,106 ppm chromium. A linear relationship was(More)
A new species of primitive tuskless burrowing mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Palpotarsa: Behningiidae), Behningia baei, new species, is described from larvae taken in Thailand. The new species is differentiated from congeners primarily by its labial palps, labrum, and base of the mid legs. It is the first species of the genus Behningia, and only the second(More)
A new mayfly species, Heptagenia whitingi Webb & McCafferty n.sp. is described from larvae, a male subimago, a female adult, and eggs collected from large rivers in the west-central portion of North America. Larvae are differentiated from other North American Heptagenia Walsh by a pair of large, rectangular pale markings on abdominal tergum 4, and the(More)
The feeding behavior and functional morphology associated with feeding in Ephemerella needhamiMcDunnough larvae were studied using videomacroscopic techniques, gut content analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Two stereotypic feeding cycles were employed by the larvae. In the maxillary brushing cycle, the maxillae are the primary food-gathering(More)
A new species of the psammophilous and brushlegged North American genus Amercaenis Provonsha and McCafferty, Amercaenis cusabo Provonsha and McCafferty, new species, is described from larvae taken from the Black River (North Carolina), the Pee Dee River (North Carolina), and the Savannah River (Georgia and South Carolina). The new species differs from the(More)
A field and laboratory study was designed to elucidate the microhabitat of the North American riverine mayfly Anthopotamus verticis (Say). Previous reports have suggested that these mayflies are surface sprawlers or clingers; but despite a flattened body shape that is often associated with sprawling or clinging benthos, our investigation showed that larvae(More)