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Estradiol acts as a neuroprotective factor against ischemic brain injury. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates neuroprotective mechanism through the activation of Akt and its downstream target such as Bad in global ischemic injury. Adult female gerbils were ovariectomized and treated with estradiol prior to ischemic injury. Transient cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of resveratrol, a natural polyphenol with neuroprotective properties, on retinal neuronal cell death mediated by diabetes-induced activation of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Diabetes was induced in C57BL/6 mice by five consecutive intraperitoneal injections(More)
AIMS Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a well-known stress response protein that is characterized by its phosphorylative capacity. Hsp27 becomes phosphorylated in response to various stimuli through interaction with several different kinases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interaction between Hsp27 and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)(More)
OBJECTIVE Protein kinase C (PKC)-delta, an upstream regulator of the Akt survival pathway, contributes to cellular dysfunction in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Herein, we examined the role of PKC-delta in neuronal apoptosis through Akt in the retinas of diabetic rats. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used retinas from 24- and 35-week-old male Otsuka(More)
AIM Clusterin is a multifunctional protein that is up-regulated during many different pathophysiological states. Clusterin may be related to a compensation mechanism involving aggregation of soluble proteins, inhibition of complement-mediated cell damage, adaptive regeneration or apoptosis. Clusterin may increase in response to cell damage that results from(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to identify the placental proteins that are associated with preeclampsia by performing proteomic analysis. METHODS To identify the proteins associated with preeclampsia, we performed two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE), followed by silver staining. The overexpressed proteins were identified by performing(More)
Lawsonia intracellularis is not culturable with a standard bacteriologic culture. One step PCR assay as a clinical diagnostic method was developed for the rapid detection of porcine proliferative enteritis (PPE) caused by L. intracellularis. Primers were designed based on the p78 DNA clone of L. intracellularis. The one step PCR resulted in the formation of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on retinal expression of decorin in a rat model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). MATERIALS AND METHODS OIR was stimulated by exposing Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats to hyperoxia (80 +/- 1.3% O2) from postnatal day (P) 2 to P14 and then returning them to normoxia (room air, 21 +/- 1.5% O2).(More)
PURPOSE Hyperglycemia results in increased flux through the hexoxamine biosynthetic pathway. We examined whether hyperglycemia increases O-GlcNAcylation in the diabetic retina and whether elevated O-GlcNAcylation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB increases apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in diabetic retinopathy (DR). MATERIALS AND METHODS Diabetes was(More)