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Abundantly expressed in fetal tissues and adult muscle, the developmentally regulated H19 long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been implicated in human genetic disorders and cancer. However, how H19 acts to regulate gene function has remained enigmatic, despite the recent implication of its encoded miR-675 in limiting placental growth. We noted that vertebrate(More)
Vascular endothelial cells normally perform several key homeostatic functions such as keeping blood fluid, regulating blood flow, regulating macromolecule and fluid exchange with the tissues, preventing leukocyte activation, and aiding in immune surveillance for pathogens. Injury or cell death impairs or prevents conduct of these activities, resulting in(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are highly vascular and lethal brain tumors that display cellular hierarchies containing self-renewing tumorigenic glioma stem cells (GSCs). Because GSCs often reside in perivascular niches and may undergo mesenchymal differentiation, we interrogated GSC potential to generate vascular pericytes. Here, we show that GSCs give rise to(More)
Hsp90 client protein Akt has been shown to inhibit cell apoptosis in part by inhibiting proapoptotic kinase ASK1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) activity. In the present study, we show that Hsp90 inhibits hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced ASK1-p38 activation in endothelial cells (EC). The inhibitory effect of Hsp90 on ASK1-p38 activities is(More)
Previously we have shown that ASK-interacting protein 1 (AIP1, also known as DAB2IP), a novel member of the Ras-GAP protein family, mediates TNF-induced activation of ASK1-JNK signaling pathway. However, the mechanism by which TNF signaling is coupled to AIP1 is not known. Here we show that AIP1 is localized on the plasma membrane in resting endothelial(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism in the DAB2IP gene is associated with risk of aggressive prostate cancer (PCa), and loss of DAB2IP expression is frequently detected in metastatic PCa. However, the functional role of DAB2IP in PCa remains unknown. Here, we show that the loss of DAB2IP expression initiates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is(More)
To gain insights into the mechanisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression, we have cloned the eNOS promoter and fused it to a luciferase reporter gene to map regions of the promoter important for basal transcription in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Transfection of BAEC with F1 luciferase (LUC) (-1600 to +22 nucleotides)(More)
It has been shown that thioredoxin (Trx) in a reduced form binds to and inhibits apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1). Apoptotic stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) activate ASK1 in part by oxidizing Trx (forming intramolecular disulfide between C32 and C35) to release Trx from ASK1. In the present study, we(More)
VEGF is a potent vascular growth factor produced by podocytes in the developing and mature glomerulus. Specific deletion of VEGF from podocytes causes glomerular abnormalities including profound endothelial cell injury, suggesting that paracrine signaling is critical for maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB). However, it is not clear whether(More)