W. Michael Carson

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The high throughput of structure determination pipelines relies on increased automation and, consequently, a reduction of time spent on interactive quality control. In order to meet and exceed current standards in model accuracy, new approaches are needed for the facile identification and correction of model errors during refinement. One such approach is(More)
Linoleic acid is the most abundant fatty acid in human low density lipoproteins (LDL). Oxidation of LDL transforms linoleic acid to hydroperoxyderivatives. These are converted to 9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid (9-HODE) and 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE). 9-HODE is much more abundant in oxidized LDL than other lipid peroxidation(More)
Using the Lauren approach of histological classification, 300 cases of early gastric cancer (EGC) were analysed with regard to their age distribution, to predisposing lesions, including gastritis, and survival rate. The average age of onset for EGC of the diffuse type is 56, ten years earlier than for the intestinal type. There was a significantly high(More)
The crystal structures of NH(3)-dependent NAD+ synthetase from Bacillus anthracis as the apoenzyme (1.9 A), in complex with the natural catalytic products AMP and pyrophosphate (2.4 A) and in complex with the substrate analog adenosine 5'-(alpha,beta-methylene)triphosphate (2.0 A) have been determined. NAD+ synthetase catalyzes the last step in the(More)
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is commonly used as a cosolvent to improve the aqueous solubility of small organic compounds. Its use in a screen to identify novel inhibitors of the enzyme NAD(+) synthetase led to this investigation of its potential effects on the structure and stability of this 60-kD homodimeric enzyme. Although no effects are observed on the(More)
CONTEXT For patients with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) refractory to radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment, systemic chemotherapy has limited efficacy. Such tumors frequently harbor BRAF V600E, and this alteration may predict responsiveness to vemurafenib treatment. OBJECTIVE We report a metastatic PTC patient refractory to RAI treatment that(More)
Large single crystals of two distinct globin chains from coelomic cells of the sea cucumber Molpadia arenicola have been prepared and examined by x-ray crystallography. These hemoglobins exhibit a variety of ligand-dependent association states with the met-hemoglobins existing as monomers and liganded hemoglobins as dimers at physiological concentrations.(More)
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