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Following partial substantia nigra lesions, remaining dopaminergic neurones sprout, returning terminal density in the dorsal striatum to normal by 16 weeks. This suggests regeneration and maintenance of terminal density is regulated to release appropriate levels of dopamine. This study examined the structure and function of these reinnervated terminals,(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of cardiomyocytes by apoptosis is proposed to cause heart failure. Reactive oxygen species induce apoptosis in many types of cells including cardiomyocytes. Because insulin has been reported to have protective effects, we examined whether insulin prevents cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress-induced apoptotic death. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Although activation of the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin has been reported to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, whether calcineurin is involved in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined in the present study the role of calcineurin in pressure overload-induced cardiac(More)
-Mechanical stress induces a variety of hypertrophic responses, such as activation of protein kinases, reprogramming of gene expression, and an increase in protein synthesis. In the present study, to elucidate how mechanical stress induces such events, we examined the role of Rho family small GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) in mechanical stress-induced(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes and hyperplasia of cardiac fibroblasts. To determine the molecular mechanism by which Ang II displayed different effects on cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts, we examined signal transduction pathways leading to activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs). Ang II-induced ERK(More)
BACKGROUND Although anthracyclines, such as daunomycin (DM) and adriamycin, are potent chemotherapeutic agents, they have serious adverse effects, including cardiac toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of DM-induced cardiomyocyte impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS When cultured cardiac myocytes of neonatal rats were(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES This paper aims to compare children's thyroid volume (Tvol) by age and gender in Zhejiang province in order to explore the factors influencing Tvol in this area. SUBJECTS/METHODS This survey was a cross-sectional survey of a provincial representative sample of Zhejiang province children aged 6-12 years. The children were asked to(More)
In presenting this thesis in partial fullllment of the requirements for a Postgraduate degree from the University of Saskatchewan, I agree that the Libraries of this University may make it freely available for inspection. I further agree that permission for copying of this thesis in any manner, in whole or in part, for scholarly purposes may be granted by(More)
New demonstrations of effective interaction between light and artificially electromagnetic interface, or the metasurface, have stimulated intensive research interests on control of light to realize applications in beam steering, optical imaging and light focusing, etc. Here we reported a new type of planar metasurface of which every individual metamolecule(More)