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Six men were studied to determine the interrelationships among blood supply, motor unit (MU) activity and lactate concentrations during intermittent isometric contractions of the hand grip muscles. The subjects performed repeated contractions at 20% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) for 2 s followed by 2-s rest for 4 min with either unhindered blood(More)
The effects of moderate- or high-carbohydrate diets on muscle glycogen and performance in runners and cyclists over 7 consecutive days of training were determined. Muscle biopsies were performed on 4 separate days before exercise for 1 h at 75% peak oxygen consumption (VO2) followed by five, 1-min sprints. After the training session on day 7, subjects ran(More)
This study describes the events occurring in exercise-induced muscular necrosis. Biopsies of the gastrocnemius muscles of volunteer human marathon runners were extracted prior to and at intervals for 7 days following a marathon, and investigated ultrastructurally. Most of the preparations, including the pre-marathon samples, showed evidence of muscle fiber(More)
This study assessed the ability of four different activity monitors to discriminate changes in treadmill walking velocity. The relationships between walking velocity and bodily movement and between bodily movement and energy expenditure determined by indirect calorimetry (IC-EE or METs) were determined. Twenty-eight subjects walked at 3.2, 4.0, 4.8, 5.6,(More)
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