W. M. Kaneko

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Prenatal alcohol exposure is known to cause damage to the central nervous system. This study sought to further elucidate the structural brain damage that occurs following prenatal alcohol exposure in both children and rats. Two children with histories of maternal alcohol abuse but who did not qualify for a diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), based on(More)
Results from previous studies evaluating the electroencephalograms (EEGs) of infants born to alcoholic mothers suggest that the neonatal EEG may be a sensitive measure of prenatal ethanol exposure. Few studies, however, have examined EEG records of adolescent children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The present study investigated the resting EEG(More)
Animal models of event-related potentials have recently been developed in rats in order to gain further understanding of the psychobiological variables which underlie these waveforms. In the present study, unanesthetized male Wistar rats, chronically implanted with electrodes, were utilized in order to: (i) compare event-related potentials recorded(More)
Abnormal or borderline electroencephalograms are commonly observed in cases of gross mental retardation. However, fewer studies have focused on the use of event-related responses to aid in the differential diagnosis of developmental cognitive disorders. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and Down syndrome represent the most common known causes of mental(More)
The present study examined the effects of ethanol (0.75 g/kg IP) alone and in combination with the noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK 801 (0.1 mg/kg SC) on the locomotor activity of rats. Sixteen rats were treated with vehicle plus saline, MK 801 plus saline, vehicle plus ethanol, and MK 801 plus ethanol. Locomotor activity(More)
Maternal separation during crucial periods of development can lead to both physiological and behavioral sequelae. However, the exact consequences of maternal separation are paradigm dependent. The present study utilized complete artificial rearing (AR) to evaluate the effects of maternal separation on behavioral and electrophysiological functioning. In this(More)
Recent neurophysiological data have suggested an interaction of ethanol (EtOH) with the glutamate-NMDA receptor complex. For instance, low levels of alcohol have been found to inhibit the ion current, activated by NMDA in in vitro preparations. The present study extends these paradigms in order to evaluate the electrophysiological effects of ethanol and the(More)
Clinical studies have shown that behavioral and electrophysiological abnormalities occur in some human infants born to alcoholic mothers. The present study used rats to evaluate the effects of prenatal ethanol exposure on locomotor behavior and two paradigms for the generation of auditory event-related potentials (ERPs). Pregnant rats were fed liquid diets,(More)
Neurotensin has neuromodulatory actions on multiple brain functions including motor, sensory and limbic processes. However, little is known about how neurotensin affects general arousal and/or attention states. The present study evaluated the effects of neurotensin on spontaneous brain activity as well as auditory evoked responses using electrophysiological(More)
Social separation/isolation from either maternal or peer influence can induce a biobehavioral response in rodents and nonhuman primates seeming to mimic certain aspects of human psychopathology. To further explore this paradigm, the effects of 6 weeks of social isolation on electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)(More)