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The gyrA gene of Campylobacter jejuni UA580, which encodes the A subunit of DNA gyrase, was cloned and its nucleotide sequence was determined. An open reading frame of 2,589 nucleotides was identified, which could code for a polypeptide of 863 amino acids with a M(r) of 97 kDa. Both the nucleotide sequence and the putative amino acid sequence show ca. 50%(More)
The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway represents one subgroup of MAP kinases that are activated primarily by cytokines and exposure to environmental stress. Autophagy is a protein-degradation system characterized by the formation of double-membrane vacuoles termed autophagosomes. Autophagy-related gene beclin 1 plays a key role in autophagosome(More)
There is no uniformly accepted method for detecting colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). The sensitivities of five culture methods were determined for patients known to harbor VRE. Of 189 inpatients, 101 were found to harbor VRE by at least one method. Three methods detected fewer than half of the cultures. Campylobacter agar identified(More)
Agents stabilizing G-quadruplexes have the potential to interfere with telomere replication by blocking the elongation step catalysed by telomerase or telomerase-independent mechanism and could therefore act as antitumor agents. In this study, we found that quindoline derivatives interacted preferentially with intramolecular G-quadruplex structures and were(More)
BACKGROUND Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) were first detected in our institution in 1991. An outbreak was recognized in late 1992 when there was a sudden rise in the number of patients per month with VRE. Little information exists concerning the natural history of infection with these pathogens, and the effect of antimicrobial therapy is unclear.(More)
A region of gyrA, the gene encoding subunit A of DNA gyrase, that is known to be associated with resistance was amplified and sequenced from 16 Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium isolates. Six ciprofloxacin-resistant clinical isolates (MICs of ciprofloxacin, 32 to 64 micrograms/ml) and one multistep resistant laboratory mutant of E. faecalis(More)
The role of mutations in the genes for GyrA and ParC in quinolone resistance in Mycoplasma hominis was studied. Selection with sparfloxacin gave mutations at GyrA83 (Ser-->Leu; Escherichia coli numbering) or GyrA87 (Glu-->Lys), and mutants had increased levels of resistance to sparfloxacin (8- to 16-fold) but not to ofloxacin. Selection with ofloxacin gave(More)
Sanhuang mixture (Xinmai capsule) is composed of Astragalus membranaceus, Coptis chinensis and Scutellaria baicalensis. It could inhibit platelet aggregation (PAG) induced by ADP in rats or by ADP and ADR in vivo. Patients with high PAG took Xinmai capsule for 4 weeks, the effective rate was 88.7%, which was same as the efficacy of aspirin 50 mg/day. In(More)
Genetic relationships of 17 Rhododendron cultivars, China, were assessed using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. A total of 133 bands were obtained using nine selected ISSR primers, 129 (96.99%) of which were polymorphic; 267 bands were amplified by four AFLP primer pairs, 251 (94.01%) of which(More)
Conventional plasmids for gene therapy produce low-level and short-term gene expression. Here, we first created minicircle carrying endostatin (mc-hES) for measurement of transfection efficiency. Compared with pcDNA-hES, MC-mediated endostatin gene transfer in vitro resulted in seven-fold greater endostatin expression levels in transfected cells and(More)
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