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Plant cells respond to elicitors by inducing a variety of defense responses. Some of these reactions are dependent on the activity of protein kinases. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been identified to be activated by fungal and bacterial elicitors as well as by pathogen infection. In gel kinase assays of alfalfa cells treated with(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are modules involved in the transduction of extracellular signals to intracellular targets in all eukaryotes. Distinct MAPK pathways are regulated by different extracellular stimuli and are implicated in a wide variety of biological processes. In plants there is evidence for MAPKs playing a role in the(More)
Parsley cells recognize the fungal plant pathogen Phytophthora sojae through a plasma membrane receptor. A pathogen-derived oligopeptide elicitor binds to this receptor and thereby stimulates a multicomponent defense response through sequential activation of ion channels and an oxidative burst. An elicitor-responsive mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase(More)
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