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Histamine release by modified gelatin (Haemaccel) and dextran (Macrodex) has been demonstrated in volunteers by direct and indirect methods. In a pilot study of Haemaccel, histamine release was observed in six of seven volunteers. The highest plasma histamine concentration was 4.8 ng/ml, the lowest 1.7 ng/ml: two of the subjects showed slight allergic(More)
The pharmacokinetics of ramipril (HOE 498) were studied after oral administration of a single 10 mg dose to 24 hypertensive patients with different degrees of renal function. The creatinine clearance ranged between 4.1 and 126 ml/min/1.73 m2 and was below 35 ml/min/1.73 m2 in 16 patients. Angiotensin converting enzyme activity and the concentrations of(More)
In an open trial, the pharmacokinetics of ramipril and its active metabolite ramiprilat were studied in 25 hypertensive patients with various degrees of renal insufficiency given 5 mg ramipril p.o. for 14 days. Ramipril was rapidly absorbed and reached a peak concentration after 1–2 h. Cmax was greater in patients with severe renal insufficiency, which(More)
The natriuretic effect of the new loop diuretic piretanide was investigated in patients with severe renal insufficiency and was compared with that of furosemide. In the first study 4 hospitalized patients (serum creatinine 407 to 1220 µmol/l) were examined after administration of piretanide (12, 24, 48 and 96 mg to two patients, and 24, 48, 96 and 192 mg to(More)
In various clinical situations a poor diuretic response to furosemide may be improved by the addition of metolazone. The mechanism of this additive effect is unclear. The purpose of the present investigation was to establish whether metolazone changes the pharmacokinetics of furosemide and by this mechanism enhances the diuretic effect. Eight volunteers(More)
In an open trial, the antihypertensive and hormonal effects of ramipril, a new nonsulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, were studied in 23 hypertensive patients with various degrees of renal failure: group I, creatinine clearance 5-15 ml/min, n = 10; group II, creatinine clearance 15-40 ml/min, n = 7; group III, creatinine clearance(More)
The pharmacokinetics of piretanide was studied in 10 patients with chronic renal failure. After administration of a high oral dose (12 to 192 mg) of piretanide the kinetics behaved according to an open 2-compartment model. The elimination constant in the first phase (α) ranged from 0.385 to 0.756 h−1 and in the second phase (β) from 0.079 to 0.274 h−1. The(More)
In an open trial, the pharmacokinetics of ramipril and its active metabolite ramiprilat were studied in 23 hypertensive patients with various degrees of renal insufficiency. During a 2-week treatment period, each subject took daily a 5-mg tablet of ramipril. Serum profiles and urinary excretion of the parent compound and ramiprilat, the active metabolite,(More)
The efficacy and pharmacokinetics of the diuretic piretanide were studied in two groups of six patients hospitalized for congestive heart failure. A dosage of 2 x 6 mg day-1 to 2 x 12 mg day-1 of intravenous piretanide for 7 days was sufficient to abrogate most symptoms of cardiac insufficiency. When compared with another group of healthy volunteers,(More)
A modification of the crossed immunoelectrophoresis of serum proteins is described in which the first step is carried out on cellulose acetate membranes and the second in antibody-containing agarose gel. The use of a special chamber allows reproducible conditions. The cellulose acetate membranes with the protein fractions separated in the first step can, if(More)