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BACKGROUND Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is released from renal tubular cells after injury and serves in humans as a real-time indicator of active kidney damage, including acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, NGAL concentrations in dogs with naturally occurring AKI or CKD rarely have been explored in(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a biomarker for the early prediction of renal damage and the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and dogs. HYPOTHESIS Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin also may play a role in the progression of CKD in cats. ANIMALS Eighty CKD and 18 control cats. METHODS Cats(More)
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