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The past several years have seen the emergence of a standard cosmological model, in which small temperature differences in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation on angular scales of the order of a degree are understood to arise from acoustic oscillations in the hot plasma of the early Universe, arising from primordial density fluctuations. Within(More)
The Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI) has measured the power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropy over the range of spherical harmonic multipoles 100 < l < 900. We compare this data, in combination with the COBE-DMR results, to a seven dimensional grid of adiabatic CDM models. Adopting the priors h > 0.45 and 0.0 ≤ τ c ≤ 0.4, we(More)
Polarization observations of the cosmic microwave background with the Cosmic Background Imager from September 2002 to May 2004 provide a significant detection of the E-mode polarization and reveal an angular power spectrum of polarized emission showing peaks and valleys that are shifted in phase by half a cycle relative to those of the total intensity(More)
We report the first measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation with the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (Acbar). The instrument was installed on the 2.1 m Viper telescope at the South Pole in January 2001; the data presented here are the product of observations up to and including July 2002. The two deep(More)
Measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation can reveal with remarkable precision the conditions of the Universe when it was approximately 400,000 years old. The three most fundamental properties of the CMB are its frequency spectrum (which determines the temperature), and the fluctuations in both the temperature and polarization across a(More)
We present a formalism for analyzing interferometric observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy and polarization. The formalism is based upon the ℓ-space expansion of the angular power spectrum favored in recent years. Explicit discussions of maximum likelihood analysis, power spectrum reconstruction, parameter estimation, imaging and(More)
We describe the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (Acbar); a mul-tifrequency millimeter-wave receiver designed for observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect in clusters of galaxies. The Acbar focal plane consists of a 16-pixel, background-limited, 240 mK bolometer array that can be configured to(More)
Gravitational lensing of the cosmic microwave background generates a curl pattern in the observed polarization. This "B-mode" signal provides a measure of the projected mass distribution over the entire observable Universe and also acts as a contaminant for the measurement of primordial gravity-wave signals. In this Letter we present the first detection of(More)
We determine the distances to 18 galaxy clusters with redshifts ranging from z ∼ 0.14 to z ∼ 0.78 from a maximum likelihood joint analysis of 30 GHz interferometric Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) and X-ray observations. We model the intracluster medium (ICM) using a spherical isothermal β model. We quantify the statistical and systematic uncertainties(More)
We present a measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) gravitational lensing potential using data from the first two seasons of observations with SPTpol, the polarization-sensitive receiver currently installed on the South Pole Telescope (SPT). The observations used in this work cover 100 deg 2 of sky with arcminute resolution at 150 GHz. Using a(More)