W. Kurt Roth

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Inflammatory processes in organs frequently lead to hyperplasia of regional lymph nodes. In the present study, we investigated whether lymph node enlargement within the hepatoduodenal ligament may reflect the inflammatory activity within the liver of patients chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). In 114 patients with chronic hepatitis C and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Covalent attachment of a 40-kilodalton polyethylene glycol moiety to interferon alpha2a (peginterferon alpha2a) results in sustained delivery and reduced clearance compared with standard interferon alpha2a. The aim of the study was to compare viral kinetics in patients treated with standard or peginterferon alpha2a. METHODS Patients with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Information on the kinetics of the pretreatment steady-state of HBV can be obtained from serial measurements of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA concentrations following lamivudine ((-)enantiomer of 3'-thiacytidine)-induced perturbation of the balance between virus production and clearance. METHODS In a placebo-controlled, dose-ranging(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is predominantly attributable to donations given during the early stage of infection when diagnostic tests may fail. In 1997, nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT)-testing was introduced at the German(More)
The response rate to interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 isolates is poor. A region associated with sensitivity to IFN has been identified in subtype HCV-1b isolates from Japanese patients in the carboxyterminal half of the nonstructural protein NS5A (between codon 2209 and 2248). HCV-1b isolates with at(More)
An interaction of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A protein with the interferon (IFN)-alpha-inducible double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) was demonstrated in vitro. The clinical correlation between amino acid mutations within the HCV NS5A region and response to antiviral treatment is controversial. Thirty-two patients chronically infected with(More)
BACKGROUND Despite sensitive antibody-based blood-donor screening, a residual risk of transfusion-transmitted viral infections exists. Only direct monitoring by sensitive nucleic-acid tests would provide data accurately to measure the risk and to assess risk-reduction procedures. We investigated the feasibility and efficacy of routine screening of donors(More)
Defined regions of hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope 2 (E2), PePHD, and nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein (PKR-binding domain) have been shown to interact with interferon alfa (IFN-alpha)-inducible double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) in vitro, suggesting a possible mechanism of HCV to evade antiviral effects of IFN-alpha. The clinical(More)
BACKGROUND High-throughput nucleic acid testing for transfusion-relevant viruses by PCR requires contamination-proof methods with high sensitivity and validity. A new PCR reagent kit (TaqMan, PE BioSystems) reduces the risk of carry-over contamination by eliminating post-PCR processing. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Oligonucleotide design was done with(More)
Soon after the isolation of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome in 1988 it became evident that HCV is the most important cause of non-A, non-B-hepatitis. In recent years the structure of this (+)-stranded RNA-virus, the different genotypes of HCV and the replication in hepatic and extrahepatic sites have been investigated. HCV has a remarkable degree of(More)