W King Engel

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Sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM), the most common muscle disease of older persons, is of unknown cause and there is no successful treatment. We summarize our most recent findings, which provide a better understanding of the steps in the pathogenetic cascade. We suggest that s-IBM is primarily a myodegenerative disease. Intriguing are the phenotypic(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Sporadic inclusion-body myositis, the most common muscle disease of older persons, has no known cause or persistently beneficial treatment. The unfolding pathogenesis could lead to new treatment strategies and it is now of growing interest among clinicians and basic scientists. About 100 papers related to the subject were published in 2006(More)
The apex of hair cells of the chicken auditory organ contains three different kinds of assemblies of actin filaments in close spatial proximity. These are (a) paracrystals of actin filaments with identical polarity in stereocilia, (b) a dense gellike meshwork of actin filaments forming the cuticular plate, and (c) a bundle of parallel actin filaments with(More)
Sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) is the only muscle disease in which accumulation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) in abnormal muscle fibers appears to play a key pathogenic role. Increased amyloid-beta precursor protein (AbetaPP) and Abeta accumulation have been reported to be upstream steps in the development of the s-IBM pathologic phenotype, based on(More)
The diagnostic aspects of sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM), and a few comments on our own approach to its treatment, are presented to foster the goals of this symposium, which was organized to provoke new ideas concerning the cause and treatment of this currently unsolvable disease. s-IBM is the most common, progressive, debilitating muscle disease(More)
The pathogenesis of sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) is complex; it involves multidimensional pathways and the most critical issues are still unresolved. The onset of muscle fiber damage is age related and the disease is slowly, but inexorably, progressive. Muscle fiber degeneration and mononuclear cell inflammation are major components of s-IBM(More)
Increased amyloid-beta precursor protein (A beta PP) and amyloid-beta (A beta) accumulation appear to be upstream steps in the pathogenesis of sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM). BACE1, participating in A beta production is also increased in s-IBM muscle fibers. Nogo-B and Nogo-A belong to a family of integral membrane reticulons, and Nogo-B binding(More)
Amyloid-beta precursor protein (AbetaPP) and its fragment amyloid-beta (Abeta) are increased in s-IBM muscle fibers and appear to play an important role in the pathogenic cascade. alphaB-Crystallin (alphaBC) was shown immunohistochemically to be accumulated in s-IBM muscle fibers, but the stressor(s) influencing alphaBC accumulation was not identified. We(More)
Herp is a stress-response protein localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Herp was proposed to improve ER-folding, decrease ER protein load, and participate in ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Intra-muscle-fiber ubiquitinated multiprotein-aggregates containing, among other proteins, either amyloid-beta (Abeta) or phosphorylated tau are(More)
p62, also known as sequestosome1, is a shuttle protein transporting polyubiquitinated proteins for both the proteasomal and lysosomal degradation. p62 is an integral component of inclusions in brains of various neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer disease (AD) neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and Lewy bodies in Parkinson disease. In AD brain, the(More)