W. K. Hansen

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The area of mammalian DNA repair and its relationship to cancer and therapeutic approaches is rapidly growing, both through the studies of basic mechanisms and in the use of this knowledge for translational applications. We have attempted to briefly and succinctly cover the four pathways of mammalian DNA repair, which are: direct reversal, mismatch,(More)
1,3-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) is an important cause of pulmonary toxicity. BCNU alkylates DNA at the O(6) position of guanine. O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair protein that removes alkyl groups from the O(6) position of guanine. To determine whether overexpression of MGMT in a lung cell reduces BCNU toxicity, the(More)
Mice thymectomized at three days of age (D3Tx) develop during adulthood a variety of organ-specific autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune ovarian dysgenesis (AOD). The phenotypic spectrum of AOD is characterized by the development of anti-ovarian autoantibodies, oophoritis, and atrophy. The D3Tx model of AOD is unique in that disease induction depends(More)
The existence of immunoregulatory genes conferring dominant resistance to autoimmunity is well documented. In an effort to better understand the nature and mechanisms of action of these genes, we utilized the murine model of autoimmune orchitis as a prototype. When the orchitis-resistant strain DBA/2J is crossed with the orchitis-susceptible strain(More)
Bone marrow toxicity is a dose-limiting side effect of chloroethylnitrosourea (CNU) chemotherapeutic alkylating agents. A major determinant of CNU cytotoxicity is the methylation of guanine at the O6-position and the subsequent formation of interstrand DNA cross-links. O6-Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) removes alkyl groups from the O6 position(More)
A dose-limiting toxicity of certain chemotherapeutic alkylating agents is their toxic effects on nontarget tissues such as the bone marrow. To overcome the myelosuppression observed by chemotherapeutic alkylating agents, one approach is to increase the level of DNA repair proteins in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Toward this goal, we have(More)
Chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of cancer often lead to dose-limiting bone marrow suppression and may initiate secondary leukemia. N,N',N"-triethylenethiophosphoramide (thiotepa), a polyfunctional alkylating agent, is used in the treatment of breast, ovarian, and bladder carcinomas and is also being tested for efficacy in the treatment of(More)
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