W Johnathan Ryves

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A mixed micellar assay was used to study the in vitro binding of [3H]phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate ([3H]PDBu) to pure recombinant protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha, -beta 1, -beta 2, -gamma, -delta, -epsilon, and -zeta isotypes expressed in the baculovirus/insect cell system. Scatchard analysis revealed that all isotypes except PKC-zeta were able to specifically(More)
In this study we report a new mechanism whereby cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulates the cell-cycle machinery. We demonstrate that elevation of intracellular levels of cAMP promotes degradation of cyclin D3 in proteasomes, and that this occurs via glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta)-mediated phosphorylation of cyclin D3 at Thr-283. Elevation of cAMP did not(More)
Phorbol esters, tetradecanoylphorbolacetate, sapintoxin-A, 12-deoxyphorbol-phenylacetate, 12-deoxyphorbol-phenylacetate-20-acetate, thymeleatoxin and resiniferatoxin were investigated for their abilities to activate the PKC-isotypes alpha, beta 1, gamma, delta and epsilon. PKC-isotypes were grouped into two classes on the basis of Ca2+ requirements for(More)
For the first time a normal-phase HPLC method using photodiode-array detection is described for the analysis and purification of phorbol esters. The use of the method is demonstrated with examples of 10 different tigliane and daphnane esters (TPA, DOPP, DOPPA, Sap A, Sap B, Sap C, Sap D, Thy A, Ro and Rx). Both analytical and semipreparative techniques were(More)
The phorbol ester, 12-deoxyphorbol-13-O-phenylacetate-20-acetate (DOPPA) has been shown to activate specifically the protein kinase C (PKC)-beta 1 isozyme in vitro (1). We have investigated the potential of DOPPA as a PKC-beta 1/2 isozyme-specific agonist in intact cells, employing U937 cells, which express beta 1/2, epsilon and zeta PKC and in Swiss 3T3(More)
PKC isotypes were studied in rat cortical synaptosomes. Resting synaptosomes, subfractionated into cytosolic and particulate (Triton X100-soluble and insoluble) fractions, containing PKC beta 1, gamma, delta and epsilon isotypes but very little PKC beta 2 or alpha. PKC delta and epsilon were evenly distributed in the cytosolic and particulate fractions; PKC(More)
The lowest energy conformer of seventeen diterpenes, representing five different phorbol and daphnane diterpene nuclei, has been generated. TPA possessed the highest minimum free energy of these compounds; all other compounds possessed a lower minimum free energy. Compounds based on the resiniferonol nucleus possessed the lowest minimum free energy(More)