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We identified a potential phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) binding pleckstrin homology domain in the data bases and have cloned and expressed its full coding sequence (LL5beta). The protein bound PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) selectively in vitro. Strikingly, a substantial proportion of LL5beta became associated with an unidentified(More)
Rac, a member of the Rho family of monomeric GTPases, is an integrator of intracellular signaling in a wide range of cellular processes. We have purified a PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-sensitive activator of Rac from neutrophil cytosol. It is an abundant, 185 kDa guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), which we cloned and named P-Rex1. The recombinant enzyme has(More)
The monomeric GTPase Rac and the lipid kinase phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) are intracellular signalling enzymes that each regulate a huge range of cellular functions. Their signalling pathways overlap. Several pathways lead from PI3K activation via the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-triphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3))(More)
Rac GTPases regulate cytoskeletal structure, gene expression, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Rac2-deficient neutrophils cannot chemotax, produce ROS, or degranulate upon G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) activation. Deficiency in PI3Kgamma, an upstream regulator of Rac, causes a similar phenotype. P-Rex1, a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor(More)
typically possess a PH domain that can bind the lipid and drive translocation of the host protein to the site of PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 accumulation Summary in the plasma membrane (not all PH domains bind PtdIns(3,4,5)P 3 ; Lemmon and Ferguson, 2000). In many Rac, a member of the Rho family of monomeric cells, type 1 PI3Ks have been shown to be necessary GTPases,(More)
Reports suggest that two members of the novel immune-associated nucleotide (Ian) GTPase family, Ian1 and Ian5, play roles in T cell development. We performed real-time PCR analysis of the expression of Ian genes of the rat during T cell maturation, in macrophages and in cell lines. We found that all of the genes were expressed at relatively low levels at(More)
The Gimap/IAN family of GTPases has been implicated in the regulation of cell survival, particularly in lymphomyeloid cells. Prosurvival and prodeath properties have been described for different family members. We generated novel serological reagents to study the expression in rats of the prodeath family member Gimap4 (IAN1), which is sharply up-regulated(More)
P-Rex1 is a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPase Rac. We have investigated here the mechanisms of stimulation of P-Rex1 Rac-GEF activity by the lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) and the Gbetagamma subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins. We show that a P-Rex1 mutant lacking the PH(More)
The T-cell immune response is directed against antigenic peptide fragments generated in intracellular compartments, the cytosol or the endocytic system. Peptides derived from cytosolic proteins, usually of biosynthetic origin, are presented efficiently to T-cell receptors by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules, with which they assemble,(More)
Lambs aged 48-150 days which had been injected with extracts enriched in a functional antigen (contortin) obtained from adult Haemonchus contortus developed specific circulating antibodies and were less susceptible to haemonchosis when challenged 1 month later with a single dose of 20,000-25,000 infective 3rd-stage larvae. Sera from 18 out of a total of 19(More)