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OBJECTIVE Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) exerts potent trophic influence on midbrain dopaminergic neurons. This randomized controlled clinical trial was designed to confirm initial clinical benefits observed in a small, open-label trial using intraputamenal (Ipu) infusion of recombinant human GDNF (liatermin). METHODS Thirty-four PD(More)
Past studies show beneficial as well as detrimental effects of subthalamic nucleus deep-brain stimulation on impulsive behaviour. We address this paradox by investigating individuals with Parkinson's disease treated with subthalamic nucleus stimulation (n = 17) and healthy controls without Parkinson's disease (n = 17) on performance in a Simon task. In this(More)
OBJECT Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is the most significant complication associated with the placement of stereotactic intracerebral electrodes. Previous reports have suggested that hypertension and the use of microelectrode recording (MER) are risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage. The authors evaluated the incidence of symptomatic ICH in a large cohort of(More)
OBJECT The success of stereotactic surgery depends upon accuracy. Tissue deformation, or brain shift, can result in clinically significant errors. The authors measured cortical and subcortical brain shift during stereotactic surgery and assessed several variables that may affect it. METHODS Preoperative and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging volumes(More)
OBJECT The authors reviewed their series of patients to quantify clinical and radiographic complications in those who underwent a posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) procedure in which a threaded interbody cage (TIC) was implanted. METHODS Sixty-seven patients underwent a posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure in which a TIC was used. The(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis involves the nervous system about 5% of the time and usually manifests as a granulomatous inflammation of the basal meninges and hypothalamus. Cases which are strictly isolated to the central nervous system occur infrequently; rarely, they may present as an intracranial mass. METHODS We present the case of a solitary sarcoid(More)
OBJECT Due to the lack of internal anatomical detail with traditional MR imaging, preoperative stereotactic planning for the treatment of tremor usually relies on indirect targeting based on atlas-derived coordinates. The object of this study was to preliminarily investigate the role of probabilistic tractography-based thalamic segmentation for deep brain(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). This study investigates whether improvement for particular PD symptoms varies differentially with respect to stimulation location in the STN. METHODS Ten PD patients treated with bilateral STN DBS were enrolled in the study. Each(More)
Stereotactic neurosurgeons hesitate to employ sedation in cases requiring microelectrode recording (MER). We report our experience with dexmedetomidine during MER of subthalamic nucleus (STN). Eleven Parkinsonian patients received dexmedetomidine during deep brain stimulation surgery. Seven received continuous IV infusions during MER in the STN. The(More)
OBJECT Many patients develop neurological symptoms related to spinal cord tethering after perinatal repair of myelomeningocele. This is referred to as secondary tethered cord syndrome (STCS). The authors describe their methodology and evaluate the intraoperative utility and postoperative outcomes of electrophysiologically guided untethering for STCS. In(More)